Stenosis surveillance of hemodialysis grafts by duplex ultrasound reduces hospitalizations and cost of care

Neville R. Dossabhoy, Sunanda J. Ram, Raja Nassar, Jack Work, J. Mark Eason, William D. Paulson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have found that hemodialysis graft surveillance combined with preemptive correction of stenosis does not prolong graft survival. Nevertheless, such programs may be justified if they reduce other adverse outcomes or decrease the cost of care. This study tested this hypothesis by applying a secondary analysis to our original RCT. This study of 101 patients evaluated correction of stenosis based upon blood flow (Q) and stenosis surveillance. Patients were randomly assigned to control, flow, or stenosis groups, and were followed for up to 28 months. Q was measured monthly by ultrasound dilution; stenosis was measured quarterly by duplex ultrasound. Stenosis of ≥ 50% was corrected by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) after referral for angiography. Referral criteria were: control group, clinical criteria; flow group, Q < 600 ml/min or clinical criteria; stenosis group, stenosis > 50% or clinical criteria. We compared access-related hospitalizations and cost of care, and use of central venous dialysis catheters (CVCs), among the three groups. Hospitalization rates were higher in the control and flow groups than in the stenosis group (0.50, 0.57, 0.18/patient-year, respectively [p < 0.01]), and hospitalization costs were lowest in the stenosis group (p = 0.026). The stenosis group had a trend toward lowest CVC rates (0.44, 0.32, 0.20/patient-year, respectively [p = 0.20]). The costs of care were higher in the control and flow groups than in the stenosis group ($3727, $4839, $3306/patient-year, respectively [p = 0.015]). The costs of stenosis ($142/patient-year) and Q ($279/patient-year) measurements were minimal compared to the total cost of access-related care. In conclusion, stenosis surveillance by duplex ultrasound combined with preemptive correction yielded reduced hospitalization rates and costs, reduced total cost of access-related care, and a trend of reduced CVC rates. In contrast, flow surveillance did not yield a significant benefit. Stenosis surveillance provides important benefits that may justify application of such programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)550-557
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in dialysis
Volume18
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005

Fingerprint

Renal Dialysis
Pathologic Constriction
Hospitalization
Transplants
Costs and Cost Analysis
Central Venous Catheters
Dialysis
Control Groups
Referral and Consultation
Randomized Controlled Trials
Graft Survival
Angioplasty
Angiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Stenosis surveillance of hemodialysis grafts by duplex ultrasound reduces hospitalizations and cost of care. / Dossabhoy, Neville R.; Ram, Sunanda J.; Nassar, Raja; Work, Jack; Eason, J. Mark; Paulson, William D.

In: Seminars in dialysis, Vol. 18, No. 6, 01.11.2005, p. 550-557.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dossabhoy, NR, Ram, SJ, Nassar, R, Work, J, Eason, JM & Paulson, WD 2005, 'Stenosis surveillance of hemodialysis grafts by duplex ultrasound reduces hospitalizations and cost of care', Seminars in dialysis, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 550-557.
Dossabhoy, Neville R. ; Ram, Sunanda J. ; Nassar, Raja ; Work, Jack ; Eason, J. Mark ; Paulson, William D. / Stenosis surveillance of hemodialysis grafts by duplex ultrasound reduces hospitalizations and cost of care. In: Seminars in dialysis. 2005 ; Vol. 18, No. 6. pp. 550-557.
@article{7bdec6fc5a9441d986ebb7258f553762,
title = "Stenosis surveillance of hemodialysis grafts by duplex ultrasound reduces hospitalizations and cost of care",
abstract = "Most recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have found that hemodialysis graft surveillance combined with preemptive correction of stenosis does not prolong graft survival. Nevertheless, such programs may be justified if they reduce other adverse outcomes or decrease the cost of care. This study tested this hypothesis by applying a secondary analysis to our original RCT. This study of 101 patients evaluated correction of stenosis based upon blood flow (Q) and stenosis surveillance. Patients were randomly assigned to control, flow, or stenosis groups, and were followed for up to 28 months. Q was measured monthly by ultrasound dilution; stenosis was measured quarterly by duplex ultrasound. Stenosis of ≥ 50{\%} was corrected by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) after referral for angiography. Referral criteria were: control group, clinical criteria; flow group, Q < 600 ml/min or clinical criteria; stenosis group, stenosis > 50{\%} or clinical criteria. We compared access-related hospitalizations and cost of care, and use of central venous dialysis catheters (CVCs), among the three groups. Hospitalization rates were higher in the control and flow groups than in the stenosis group (0.50, 0.57, 0.18/patient-year, respectively [p < 0.01]), and hospitalization costs were lowest in the stenosis group (p = 0.026). The stenosis group had a trend toward lowest CVC rates (0.44, 0.32, 0.20/patient-year, respectively [p = 0.20]). The costs of care were higher in the control and flow groups than in the stenosis group ($3727, $4839, $3306/patient-year, respectively [p = 0.015]). The costs of stenosis ($142/patient-year) and Q ($279/patient-year) measurements were minimal compared to the total cost of access-related care. In conclusion, stenosis surveillance by duplex ultrasound combined with preemptive correction yielded reduced hospitalization rates and costs, reduced total cost of access-related care, and a trend of reduced CVC rates. In contrast, flow surveillance did not yield a significant benefit. Stenosis surveillance provides important benefits that may justify application of such programs.",
author = "Dossabhoy, {Neville R.} and Ram, {Sunanda J.} and Raja Nassar and Jack Work and Eason, {J. Mark} and Paulson, {William D.}",
year = "2005",
month = "11",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "550--557",
journal = "Seminars in Dialysis",
issn = "0894-0959",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stenosis surveillance of hemodialysis grafts by duplex ultrasound reduces hospitalizations and cost of care

AU - Dossabhoy, Neville R.

AU - Ram, Sunanda J.

AU - Nassar, Raja

AU - Work, Jack

AU - Eason, J. Mark

AU - Paulson, William D.

PY - 2005/11/1

Y1 - 2005/11/1

N2 - Most recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have found that hemodialysis graft surveillance combined with preemptive correction of stenosis does not prolong graft survival. Nevertheless, such programs may be justified if they reduce other adverse outcomes or decrease the cost of care. This study tested this hypothesis by applying a secondary analysis to our original RCT. This study of 101 patients evaluated correction of stenosis based upon blood flow (Q) and stenosis surveillance. Patients were randomly assigned to control, flow, or stenosis groups, and were followed for up to 28 months. Q was measured monthly by ultrasound dilution; stenosis was measured quarterly by duplex ultrasound. Stenosis of ≥ 50% was corrected by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) after referral for angiography. Referral criteria were: control group, clinical criteria; flow group, Q < 600 ml/min or clinical criteria; stenosis group, stenosis > 50% or clinical criteria. We compared access-related hospitalizations and cost of care, and use of central venous dialysis catheters (CVCs), among the three groups. Hospitalization rates were higher in the control and flow groups than in the stenosis group (0.50, 0.57, 0.18/patient-year, respectively [p < 0.01]), and hospitalization costs were lowest in the stenosis group (p = 0.026). The stenosis group had a trend toward lowest CVC rates (0.44, 0.32, 0.20/patient-year, respectively [p = 0.20]). The costs of care were higher in the control and flow groups than in the stenosis group ($3727, $4839, $3306/patient-year, respectively [p = 0.015]). The costs of stenosis ($142/patient-year) and Q ($279/patient-year) measurements were minimal compared to the total cost of access-related care. In conclusion, stenosis surveillance by duplex ultrasound combined with preemptive correction yielded reduced hospitalization rates and costs, reduced total cost of access-related care, and a trend of reduced CVC rates. In contrast, flow surveillance did not yield a significant benefit. Stenosis surveillance provides important benefits that may justify application of such programs.

AB - Most recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have found that hemodialysis graft surveillance combined with preemptive correction of stenosis does not prolong graft survival. Nevertheless, such programs may be justified if they reduce other adverse outcomes or decrease the cost of care. This study tested this hypothesis by applying a secondary analysis to our original RCT. This study of 101 patients evaluated correction of stenosis based upon blood flow (Q) and stenosis surveillance. Patients were randomly assigned to control, flow, or stenosis groups, and were followed for up to 28 months. Q was measured monthly by ultrasound dilution; stenosis was measured quarterly by duplex ultrasound. Stenosis of ≥ 50% was corrected by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) after referral for angiography. Referral criteria were: control group, clinical criteria; flow group, Q < 600 ml/min or clinical criteria; stenosis group, stenosis > 50% or clinical criteria. We compared access-related hospitalizations and cost of care, and use of central venous dialysis catheters (CVCs), among the three groups. Hospitalization rates were higher in the control and flow groups than in the stenosis group (0.50, 0.57, 0.18/patient-year, respectively [p < 0.01]), and hospitalization costs were lowest in the stenosis group (p = 0.026). The stenosis group had a trend toward lowest CVC rates (0.44, 0.32, 0.20/patient-year, respectively [p = 0.20]). The costs of care were higher in the control and flow groups than in the stenosis group ($3727, $4839, $3306/patient-year, respectively [p = 0.015]). The costs of stenosis ($142/patient-year) and Q ($279/patient-year) measurements were minimal compared to the total cost of access-related care. In conclusion, stenosis surveillance by duplex ultrasound combined with preemptive correction yielded reduced hospitalization rates and costs, reduced total cost of access-related care, and a trend of reduced CVC rates. In contrast, flow surveillance did not yield a significant benefit. Stenosis surveillance provides important benefits that may justify application of such programs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=30744473684&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=30744473684&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 16398720

AN - SCOPUS:30744473684

VL - 18

SP - 550

EP - 557

JO - Seminars in Dialysis

JF - Seminars in Dialysis

SN - 0894-0959

IS - 6

ER -