Structural organization and promoter analysis of murine heat shock transcription factor-1 gene

Yan Zhang, Srinagesh Koushik, Rujuan Dai, Nahid F. Mivechi

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Heat shock factor-1 (HSF-1) activates transcription of heat shock proteins in eukaryotes. Several overlapping genomic clones containing the murine HSF-1 gene were isolated from a phage genomic library. Results indicate that the HSF-1 gene contains 13 exons that span at least 30 kilobase pairs. Sequence analysis of the 5'-untranslated region of HSF-1 suggests that it contains sequences of a recently described Bop1 gene in reverse orientation within its first 331 base pairs (bp) upstream of the translation initiation site. The minimal promoter sequence required for HSF-1 basal expression was identified by deletion analysis from -4 kilobase pairs to - 331 bp of the promoter fused to a luciferase reporter gene using transient transfection assays. Results indicate that 331 bp upstream of the HSF-1 translation start site is required for maximal basal expression in NIH3T3 and F9 cells. This fragment also results in high levels of luciferase activity in the reverse orientation, that is, 5' to the Bop1 gene, suggesting that this segment is bidirectional and could be utilized for basal expression of both HSF-1 and Bop1 genes. This segment of the promoter contains recognition elements for Sp1 and CCAAT-box binding transcription factors, which when mutated in either sense or antisense orientations to the HSF-1 gene results in a reduction of basal expression by 50-75% relative to wild type, suggesting that these sites are critical for basal expression of both HSF-1 and Bop1 genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32514-32521
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number49
StatePublished - Dec 4 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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