Suicidal behaviors in young adolescents

Carol Z. Garrison, Kirby L. Jackson, Cheryl L. Addy, Robert E. Mckeown, Jennifer L. Waller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

A two-stage epidemiologic study investigated the frequency of suicidal behavior in children 12-14 years of age. In the first stage, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, a three-item suicide scale, a life-event schedule, and a family environment scale were administered during 1986 to a southeastern US community sample of 1,542 seventh and eighth grade students. In the second stage, 226 mother-child pairs were interviewed utilizing the Schedule for Schizophrenia and Affective Disorders in School Age Children (K-SADS). Subjects interviewed included students with high depression scores and a random sample of the remaining students. Prevalence estimates for moderate to severe suicidal ideation (K-SADS score ≥4) were 4.0% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.6-16.4%) in males and 8.7% (95% CI 2.4-23.3%) in females. The prevalences of suicide attempts were 1.9% (95% CI 0.0-13.2%) in males and 1.5% (95% CI 0.6-12.7%) in females. Significant relations were found between major depression and both suicide ideation (odds ratio = 6.19, 95% CI 1.53-24.94) and suicide attempts (odds ratio = 9.80, 95% CI 1.89-50.86). The undesirable life-events score was also a significant predictor of suicide ideation and suicide attempts. Am J Epidemiol 1991;133:1005-14.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1014
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume133
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 15 1991
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Garrison, C. Z., Jackson, K. L., Addy, C. L., Mckeown, R. E., & Waller, J. L. (1991). Suicidal behaviors in young adolescents. American journal of epidemiology, 133(10), 1005-1014. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a115809