Suicidal behaviors in young adolescents

Carol Z. Garrison, Kirby L. Jackson, Cheryl L. Addy, Robert E. Mckeown, Jennifer L Waller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A two-stage epidemiologic study investigated the frequency of suicidal behavior in children 12-14 years of age. In the first stage, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, a three-item suicide scale, a life-event schedule, and a family environment scale were administered during 1986 to a southeastern US community sample of 1,542 seventh and eighth grade students. In the second stage, 226 mother-child pairs were interviewed utilizing the Schedule for Schizophrenia and Affective Disorders in School Age Children (K-SADS). Subjects interviewed included students with high depression scores and a random sample of the remaining students. Prevalence estimates for moderate to severe suicidal ideation (K-SADS score ≥4) were 4.0% (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.6-16.4%) in males and 8.7% (95% CI 2.4-23.3%) in females. The prevalences of suicide attempts were 1.9% (95% CI 0.0-13.2%) in males and 1.5% (95% CI 0.6-12.7%) in females. Significant relations were found between major depression and both suicide ideation (odds ratio = 6.19, 95% CI 1.53-24.94) and suicide attempts (odds ratio = 9.80, 95% CI 1.89-50.86). The undesirable life-events score was also a significant predictor of suicide ideation and suicide attempts. Am J Epidemiol 1991;133:1005-14.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1014
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume133
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Suicide
Confidence Intervals
Depression
Students
Epidemiologic Studies
Appointments and Schedules
Odds Ratio
Suicidal Ideation
Child Behavior
Mood Disorders
Schizophrenia
Mothers

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Garrison, C. Z., Jackson, K. L., Addy, C. L., Mckeown, R. E., & Waller, J. L. (1991). Suicidal behaviors in young adolescents. American journal of epidemiology, 133(10), 1005-1014. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a115809

Suicidal behaviors in young adolescents. / Garrison, Carol Z.; Jackson, Kirby L.; Addy, Cheryl L.; Mckeown, Robert E.; Waller, Jennifer L.

In: American journal of epidemiology, Vol. 133, No. 10, 15.05.1991, p. 1005-1014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Garrison, CZ, Jackson, KL, Addy, CL, Mckeown, RE & Waller, JL 1991, 'Suicidal behaviors in young adolescents', American journal of epidemiology, vol. 133, no. 10, pp. 1005-1014. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a115809
Garrison, Carol Z. ; Jackson, Kirby L. ; Addy, Cheryl L. ; Mckeown, Robert E. ; Waller, Jennifer L. / Suicidal behaviors in young adolescents. In: American journal of epidemiology. 1991 ; Vol. 133, No. 10. pp. 1005-1014.
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