Surgical treatment of hepatic and pulmonary metastases from colon cancer

James R. Headrick, Daniel L. Miller, David M. Nagorney, Mark S. Allen, Claude Deschamps, Victor F. Trastek, Peter C. Pairolero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

211 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Surgical resection of isolated hepatic or pulmonary metastases secondary to colorectal cancer has been shown to yield acceptable long-term survival. However, results are inconclusive for surgical resection of both hepatic and pulmonary metastases. Methods. We reviewed the records of all patients who underwent surgical resection of both hepatic and pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer between 1980 and 1998. Results. A total of 58 patients underwent resection of both hepatic and pulmonary metastases secondary to colorectal cancer. All patients had local control of their primary cancer before metastasectomy. There were no operative deaths. Morbidity occurred in 12% of patients. Follow-up was complete in all patients, with a median duration of 62 months (range, 6 to 201 months). The 5- and 10-year survivals were 30% and 16%, respectively. A premetastasectomy carcinoembryonic antigen level greater than 5 ng/mL increased the risk of early death (p = 0.029). Neither the number of pulmonary lesions nor the time interval between the primary surgery and the metastasectomy had a significant impact on survival (p = 0.67). At 5 years, 55% of patients were free of disease. Four patients had lymph node involvement at the time of pulmonary resection and all 4 patients died within 22 months of their pulmonary metastasectomy. Conclusions. Resection of both hepatic and pulmonary metastases secondary to colorectal cancer in highly selected patients is safe and results in long-term survival. Thoracic lymph node involvement and elevated carcinoembryonic antigen levels before pulmonary metastasectomy are associated with reduced survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)975-980
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume71
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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