Symptoms and stool patterns in patients with ulcerative colitis

S. S.C. Rao, C. D. Holdsworth, N. W. Read

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

The prevalence of symptoms and stool patterns was assessed prospectively in 96 patients with ulcerative colitis subdivided according to the extent and activity of the disease. Increased frequency of defecation (83%), urgency (85%), a feeling of incomplete evacuation (78%) and tenesmus (63%) were the most frequent symptoms experienced by patients with active colitis. All were significantly more common (p<0.001) in patients with active than quiescent colitis and their prevalence was similar in those with total and distal colitis, indicating that these symptoms are related to an inflamed and irritable distal colon. Twenty seven per cent of patients with active colitis voided hard stools indicative of constipation, however, and this was more common in active, than quiescent colitis (p<0.05). This feature is probably secondary to faecal stasis in the proximal colon and an apt description of the bowel disturbance in ulcerative colitis, irrespective of the extent of disease is that the colon suffers from proximal constipation and distal irritability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-345
Number of pages4
JournalGut
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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