Synthesis, Antibacterial Evaluation, and Computational Studies of a Diverse Set of Linezolid Conjugates

Riham M. Bokhtia, Adel S. Girgis, Tarek S. Ibrahim, Fatma Rasslan, Eman S. Nossier, Reham F. Barghash, Rajeev Sakhuja, Eatedal H. Abdel-Aal, Siva S. Panda, Amany M.M. Al-Mahmoudy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The development of new antibiotics to treat multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria or possess broad-spectrum activity is one of the challenging tasks. Unfortunately, there are not many new antibiotics in clinical trials. So, the molecular hybridization approach could be an effective strategy to develop potential drug candidates using the known scaffolds. We synthesized a total of 31 diverse linezolid conjugates 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, and 15 using our established benzotriazole chemistry with good yield and purity. Some of the synthesized conjugates exhibited promising antibacterial properties against different strains of bacteria. Among all the synthesized compounds, 5d is the most promising antibacterial agent with MIC 4.5 µM against S. aureus and 2.25 µM against B. subtilis. Using our experimental data pool, we developed a robust QSAR (R2 = 0.926, 0.935; R2cvOO = 0.898, 0.915; R2cvMO = 0.903, 0.916 for the S. aureus and B. subtilis models, respectively) and 3D-pharmacophore models. We have also determined the drug-like properties of the synthesized conjugates using computational tools. Our findings provide valuable insight into the possible linezolid-based antibiotic drug candidates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number191
JournalPharmaceuticals
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Conjugates
  • Linezolid
  • Pharmacophore
  • QSAR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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