BACKGROUND: Viral diseases are considered main threats that face the humanity worldwide. The emergence of new viruses like influenza viruses emphasizes the significance of designing novel antiviral drugs. METHOD: The aim of this work is to synthesize a new set of nucleoside and non-nucleoside cyanopyridine, characterized and evaluated for their in vitro antiviral properties against various strains. CONCLUSION: More of the compounds showed variable antiviral potential against a panel of eighteen DNA and RNA viruses. The screening data suggested that the order of activity of the active compounds are in the order of O-glycosyl > O-alkyl > N-alkyl > S-alkyl derivatives. In addition, the 4-fluoro substituted compounds are more effective among the O- and N-alkyl analogs, whereas remarkable antiviral activity was ascribed to the methoxylated O-glycosyl derivatives. Most of the active compounds proved to be more selective towards the inhibition of the replication of DNA rather than the RNA-viruses. The analogs 1a, 2a, 12b, 14b and 16b possessed broad spectrum and noticeable antiviral potential against most of the tested DNA- and RNA-viruses (EC50 ≈ 0.8-20 µM), accompanied with considerably low cytotoxic margin (MCC ≈ 4-20 µM), and comparable with reference standard antiviral agents.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Medicinal chemistry (Shariqah (United Arab Emirates))|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2018|
- influenza viruses
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery