Tadalafil, a long acting phosphodiesterase inhibitor, promotes bone marrow stem cell survival and their homing into ischemic myocardium for cardiac repair

Ibrahim Elmadbouh, Muhammad Ashraf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim was to evaluate the tadalafil-mediated effects at molecular level on bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) survival and their homing into the infarcted hearts to promote cardiac repair and improve function. MSCs were pretreated in vitro with inhibitors of PKG, MAPK, FasL, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) (L-NAME), CXCR4 (AMD3100), or miR-21 inhibitors (+/-luciferase construction +/-Fas) prior to tadalafil treatment for 2 h. These MSCs were then subjected to H2O2 stress to assess their injury. Rats were subjected to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and then followed by injection of saline or 1.5 x 106 MSCs-treated ± tadalafil into infarcted and peri-infarcted area. In another group, AMI was performed in 1-month post-myelo-ablated rats and were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with tadalafil ± AMD3100 or L-NAME for 5 days. Also, in another group, AMI mice were treated with IP ± tadalafil before intravenous injection with 111In-oxine-MSCs followed by CT/SPECT imaging to locate mobilized MSCs. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography. MSCs and heart extracts were analyzed by molecular bioassays. Tadalafil-treated MSCs had higher expression of cGMP, NOS, SDF-1α, p-VASP, p-Erk1/2, p-STAT3, p-Akt, PKG1 and Bcl-xl; expression of these molecules was reduced with PKG1, MAPK, NOS or FasL inhibitors. Tadalafil inhibited apoptosis through increased miR-21 expression and improved cell survival by inhibiting Fas (restored by PKG1, MAPK or miR-21 inhibitors). In vivo, heart function, grafted cell survival, MSCs mobilization and homing were improved in tadalafil-treated AMI animals versus controls.

CONCLUSIONS: Tadalafil prolonged MSCs survival via up-regulation of miR-21 dependent suppression of Fas, and increased MSCs mobilization and their homing into infarcted myocardium resulting in improved cardiac repair and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPhysiological reports
Volume5
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

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Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Bone Marrow Cells
Cell Survival
Myocardium
Stem Cells
Myocardial Infarction
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization
NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
Tadalafil
Cell Extracts
Luciferases
Intravenous Injections
Biological Assay
Echocardiography
Up-Regulation
Bone Marrow
Apoptosis

Keywords

  • 111In‐oxine imaging
  • myelo‐ablation
  • pharmacological preconditioning
  • stem cell survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

@article{449a044a2d484d47a8cd5a1e09207bc6,
title = "Tadalafil, a long acting phosphodiesterase inhibitor, promotes bone marrow stem cell survival and their homing into ischemic myocardium for cardiac repair",
abstract = "The aim was to evaluate the tadalafil-mediated effects at molecular level on bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) survival and their homing into the infarcted hearts to promote cardiac repair and improve function. MSCs were pretreated in vitro with inhibitors of PKG, MAPK, FasL, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) (L-NAME), CXCR4 (AMD3100), or miR-21 inhibitors (+/-luciferase construction +/-Fas) prior to tadalafil treatment for 2 h. These MSCs were then subjected to H2O2 stress to assess their injury. Rats were subjected to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and then followed by injection of saline or 1.5 x 106 MSCs-treated ± tadalafil into infarcted and peri-infarcted area. In another group, AMI was performed in 1-month post-myelo-ablated rats and were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with tadalafil ± AMD3100 or L-NAME for 5 days. Also, in another group, AMI mice were treated with IP ± tadalafil before intravenous injection with 111In-oxine-MSCs followed by CT/SPECT imaging to locate mobilized MSCs. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography. MSCs and heart extracts were analyzed by molecular bioassays. Tadalafil-treated MSCs had higher expression of cGMP, NOS, SDF-1α, p-VASP, p-Erk1/2, p-STAT3, p-Akt, PKG1 and Bcl-xl; expression of these molecules was reduced with PKG1, MAPK, NOS or FasL inhibitors. Tadalafil inhibited apoptosis through increased miR-21 expression and improved cell survival by inhibiting Fas (restored by PKG1, MAPK or miR-21 inhibitors). In vivo, heart function, grafted cell survival, MSCs mobilization and homing were improved in tadalafil-treated AMI animals versus controls.CONCLUSIONS: Tadalafil prolonged MSCs survival via up-regulation of miR-21 dependent suppression of Fas, and increased MSCs mobilization and their homing into infarcted myocardium resulting in improved cardiac repair and function.",
keywords = "111In‐oxine imaging, myelo‐ablation, pharmacological preconditioning, stem cell survival",
author = "Ibrahim Elmadbouh and Muhammad Ashraf",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
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doi = "10.14814/phy2.13480",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
journal = "Physiological Reports",
issn = "2051-817X",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Tadalafil, a long acting phosphodiesterase inhibitor, promotes bone marrow stem cell survival and their homing into ischemic myocardium for cardiac repair

AU - Elmadbouh, Ibrahim

AU - Ashraf, Muhammad

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - The aim was to evaluate the tadalafil-mediated effects at molecular level on bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) survival and their homing into the infarcted hearts to promote cardiac repair and improve function. MSCs were pretreated in vitro with inhibitors of PKG, MAPK, FasL, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) (L-NAME), CXCR4 (AMD3100), or miR-21 inhibitors (+/-luciferase construction +/-Fas) prior to tadalafil treatment for 2 h. These MSCs were then subjected to H2O2 stress to assess their injury. Rats were subjected to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and then followed by injection of saline or 1.5 x 106 MSCs-treated ± tadalafil into infarcted and peri-infarcted area. In another group, AMI was performed in 1-month post-myelo-ablated rats and were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with tadalafil ± AMD3100 or L-NAME for 5 days. Also, in another group, AMI mice were treated with IP ± tadalafil before intravenous injection with 111In-oxine-MSCs followed by CT/SPECT imaging to locate mobilized MSCs. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography. MSCs and heart extracts were analyzed by molecular bioassays. Tadalafil-treated MSCs had higher expression of cGMP, NOS, SDF-1α, p-VASP, p-Erk1/2, p-STAT3, p-Akt, PKG1 and Bcl-xl; expression of these molecules was reduced with PKG1, MAPK, NOS or FasL inhibitors. Tadalafil inhibited apoptosis through increased miR-21 expression and improved cell survival by inhibiting Fas (restored by PKG1, MAPK or miR-21 inhibitors). In vivo, heart function, grafted cell survival, MSCs mobilization and homing were improved in tadalafil-treated AMI animals versus controls.CONCLUSIONS: Tadalafil prolonged MSCs survival via up-regulation of miR-21 dependent suppression of Fas, and increased MSCs mobilization and their homing into infarcted myocardium resulting in improved cardiac repair and function.

AB - The aim was to evaluate the tadalafil-mediated effects at molecular level on bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) survival and their homing into the infarcted hearts to promote cardiac repair and improve function. MSCs were pretreated in vitro with inhibitors of PKG, MAPK, FasL, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) (L-NAME), CXCR4 (AMD3100), or miR-21 inhibitors (+/-luciferase construction +/-Fas) prior to tadalafil treatment for 2 h. These MSCs were then subjected to H2O2 stress to assess their injury. Rats were subjected to acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and then followed by injection of saline or 1.5 x 106 MSCs-treated ± tadalafil into infarcted and peri-infarcted area. In another group, AMI was performed in 1-month post-myelo-ablated rats and were injected intraperitoneally (IP) with tadalafil ± AMD3100 or L-NAME for 5 days. Also, in another group, AMI mice were treated with IP ± tadalafil before intravenous injection with 111In-oxine-MSCs followed by CT/SPECT imaging to locate mobilized MSCs. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography. MSCs and heart extracts were analyzed by molecular bioassays. Tadalafil-treated MSCs had higher expression of cGMP, NOS, SDF-1α, p-VASP, p-Erk1/2, p-STAT3, p-Akt, PKG1 and Bcl-xl; expression of these molecules was reduced with PKG1, MAPK, NOS or FasL inhibitors. Tadalafil inhibited apoptosis through increased miR-21 expression and improved cell survival by inhibiting Fas (restored by PKG1, MAPK or miR-21 inhibitors). In vivo, heart function, grafted cell survival, MSCs mobilization and homing were improved in tadalafil-treated AMI animals versus controls.CONCLUSIONS: Tadalafil prolonged MSCs survival via up-regulation of miR-21 dependent suppression of Fas, and increased MSCs mobilization and their homing into infarcted myocardium resulting in improved cardiac repair and function.

KW - 111In‐oxine imaging

KW - myelo‐ablation

KW - pharmacological preconditioning

KW - stem cell survival

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