TCR Vβ usage by acetylcholine receptor-specific CD4+ T cells in myasthenia gravis

Raghavanpillai Raju, Duraiswamy Navaneetham, Maria Pia Protti, Robert M. Norton, Bobbi L. Hoppe, James Howard, Bianca M. Conti-Fine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

In myasthenia gravis the muscle acetylcholine receptor (AChR) is the target of an autoimmune response. AChR epitopes recognized by CD4+ T cells in myasthenic patients have been identified. AChR-specific CD4+ cell lines can be propagated by stimulation of blood lymphocytes with synthetic or biosynthetic AChR sequences. We analysed, using a semi-quantitative PCR assay, the T cell receptor (TCR) Vβ usage of 16 anti-AChR polyclonal CD4+ T cell lines of known epitope specificity, propagated from myasthenic patients using pools of overlapping peptides corresponding to the sequence of an AChR subunit, or individual synthetic AChR sequences. Twelve lines had been propagated for less than 2 months, four lines for 3.5-5 months. Most lines had limited Vβ usage, but in most cases different Vβ regions were used for different epitopes in the same patient, and for the same epitope in different patients. In a few patients, the same Vβ regions were used for recognition of different epitopes. The Vβ4 and Vβ6 regions were used most frequently. These findings suggest that the potentially autoimmune T cells that survive clonal deletion have a limited TCR repertoire. Although the present data do allow conclusions on the role of a superantigen in triggering the anti-AChR autoimmune response, the finding that different Vβ regions were used in different patients does not support an important role of a superantigen in the maintenance of the CD4+ response in myasthenia gravis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-217
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • PCR
  • T cell epitopes
  • autoimmunity
  • myasthenia gravis
  • preferential TCR Vβ usage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Raju, R., Navaneetham, D., Protti, M. P., Norton, R. M., Hoppe, B. L., Howard, J., & Conti-Fine, B. M. (1997). TCR Vβ usage by acetylcholine receptor-specific CD4+ T cells in myasthenia gravis. Journal of Autoimmunity, 10(2), 203-217. https://doi.org/10.1006/jaut.1996.0120