The T cell receptor (TCR) ζ subunit contains three immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) that translate effective extracellular ligand binding into intracellular signals by becoming phosphorylated into 21- and 23-kD forms. We report here that the 21-kD form of TCRζ is generated by phosphorylation of the tyrosines in the second and third ITAMs, whereas the 23-kD form is formed by the additional phosphorylation of the membrane-proximal ITAM tyrosines. The stable formation of the 21- and 23-kD species requires the binding of the tandem SH2 domains of ZAP-70. We also report that TCR-mediated signaling processes can proceed independently of either the 21- or 23-kD species of TCRζ.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy