The AKAP Yu is required for olfactory long-term memory formation in Drosophila

Yubing Lu, Yi Sheng Lu, Yichun Shuai, Chunhua Feng, Tim Tully, Zuoping Xie, Yi Zhong, Hai Meng Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Extensive neurogenetic analysis has shown that memory formation depends critically on cAMP-protein kinase A (PKA) signaling. Details of how this pathway is involved in memory formation, however, remain to be fully elucidated. From a large-scale behavioral screen in Drosophila, we identified the yu mutant to be defective in one-day memory after spaced training. The yu mutation disrupts a gene encoding an A-kinase anchoring protein (AKAP). AKAPs comprise a family of proteins, which determine the subcellular localization of PKAs and thereby critically restrict cAMP signaling within a cell. Further behavioral characterizations revealed that long-term memory (LTM) was disrupted specifically in the yu mutant, whereas learning, short-term memory and anesthesia-resistant memory all appeared normal. Another independently isolated mutation of the yu gene failed to complement the LTM defect associated with the yu mutation, and this phenotypic defect could be rescued by induced acute expression of a yu+ transgene, suggesting that yu functions physiologically during memory formation. AKAP Yu is expressed preferentially in the mushroom body (MB) neuroanatomical structure, and expression of a yu + transgene to the MB, but not to other brain regions, is sufficient to rescue the LTM defect of the yu mutant. These observations lead us to conclude that proper localization of PKA by Yu AKAP in MB neurons is required for the formation of LTM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13792-13797
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number34
StatePublished - Aug 21 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • A-kinase anchoring protein
  • Mushroom body
  • Olfactory memory
  • cAMP pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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