The cell adhesion molecule, GP116, is a new CD44 variant (ex14/v10) involved in hyaluronic acid binding and endothelial cell proliferation

Vinata B. Lokeshwar, Naoko Lida, Lilly Y.W. Bourguignon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study we have found that endothelial cells from different origins all contain a CD44-related transmembrane glycoprotein, named GP116. Using a bovine aortic endothelial cell lines and a standard pulse-chase protocol, we show that GP116 is synthesized as a 52-kDa nascent polypeptide precursor (p52) which is processed to GP116 as follows, p52 → p63/65 → p82 → p100 → GP116. GP116 contains ≃8 N- and ≃11 O-linked oligosaccharide chains (but lacks glycosaminoglycans) and interacts directly with the cytoskeletal protein, ankyrin, both in vitro (K(d) ≃1.2 nM) and in vivo. The results of GP116 amine acid composition, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, Southern blot, Northern blot, cloning, and sequence analyses indicate that endothelial cells express this new CD44 variant that contains an exon having significant hemology with human CD44 exon 14 (ex14/v10). GP116, designated as CD44 (ex14/v10), has been shown to be a major hyaluronic acid (HA) receptor (K(d) ≃0.5-0.8 nM) responsible for cell adhesion. Most importantly, we have found that the interaction between CD44(ex14/v10) and HA or a small fragment of HA (10-15 disaccharide units) induces a mitogenic response in endothelial cells. These findings suggest that this CD44 variant plays an important role in regulating endothelial cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23853-23864
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number39
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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