Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contribute to physiological and pathological neovascularization. Previous data have suggested that the cytochrome P450 4A/F (CYP4A/F)-20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) system regulates neovascularization. Therefore, we studied whether the angiogenic effects of the CYP4A/F-20-HETE system involve regulation of EPC function. We extracted human umbilical cord blood and isolated EPCs, which express AC133 +CD34+ and kinase insert domain receptor (KDR) surface markers and contain mRNA and protein for CYP4A11 and CYP4A22 enzymes, as opposed to mesenchymal stem cells, which only express negligible amounts of CYP4A11/22. When EPCs were incubated with arachidonic acid, they produced 20-HETE, which stimulated the cells to proliferate and migrate, as did vascular endothelial growth factor. Incubation with 1 μM N-hydroxy-N′-(4-butyl-2- methylphenyl)formamidine (HET0016), a selective inhibitor of 20-HETE synthesis, reduced the proliferative and migratory effects of vascular endothelial growth factor and also significantly abolished EPC migration mediated by stroma-derived factor-1α, as did (6,15) 20-hydroxyeicosadienoic acid. Coculturing EPCs and endothelial cells on a Matrigel matrix led to tube formation, which in turn was inhibited by both HET0016 and 20-hydroxyeicosadienoic acid. We concluded that the CYP4A/F-20-HETE system is expressed in EPCs and can act as both an autocrine and a paracrine regulatory factor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Aug 2011|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine