The effects of cyclopiazonic acid on intracellular Ca2+ in aortic smooth muscle cells from DOCA-hypertensive rats

R. C.A. Tostes, D. W. Wilde, L. M. Bendhack, R. C. Webb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), an inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+-ATPaSe, increases intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in aortic myocytes and that the increase in [Ca2+]i is higher in aortic cells from deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-hypertensive rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, 250-300 g, underwent uninephrectomy, received a silastic implant containing DOCA (200 mg/kg) and had free access to water supplemented with 1.0% NaCl and 0.2% KCI. Control rats were also uninephrectomized, received normal tap water, but no implant. Intracellular Ca2+ measurements were performed in aortic myocytes isolated from normotensive (Systolic blood pressure = 120 ± 3 mmHg; body weight = 478 ± 7 g, N = 7) and DOCA-hypertensive rats (195 ± 10 mmHg; 358 ± 16 g, N = 7). The effects of CPA on resting [Ca2+]i and on caffeine-induced increase in [Ca2+]i after [Ca2+]i depletion and reloading were compared in aortic cells from DOCA and normotensive rats. The phasic increase in [Ca2+]i induced by 20 mM caffeine in Ca2+-free buffer was significantly higher in DOCA aortic cells (329 ± 36 nM, N = 5) compared to that in normotensive cells (249 ± 16 nM, N = 7, P<0.05). CPA (3 μM) inhibited caffeine-induced increases in [Ca2+]i in both groups. When the cells were placed in normal buffer (1.6 mM Ca2+, loading period), after treatment with Ca2+-free buffer (depletion period), an increase in [Ca2+]i was observed in DOCA aortic cells (45 ± 11 nM, N = 5) while no changes were observed in normotensive cells. CPA (3 μM) potentiated the increase in [Ca2+]i (122 ± 30 nM, N = 5) observed in DOCA cells during the loading period while only a modest increase in [Ca2+]i (23 ± 10 nM, N = 5) was observed in normotensive cells. CPA-induced increase in [Ca2+]i did not occur in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ or in the presence of nifedipine. These data show that CPA induces Ca2+ influx in aorta from both normotensive and DOCA-hypertensive rats. However, the increase in [Ca2+]i is higher in DOCA aortic cells possibly due to an impairment in the mechanisms that control [Ca2+]i. The large increase in [Ca2+]i in response to caffeine in DOCA cells probably reflects a greater storage Of Ca2+ in the SR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-267
Number of pages11
JournalBrazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Caffeine
  • Cyclopiazonic acid
  • Deoxycorticosterone (DOCA) hypertension
  • Intracellular calcium mobilization
  • Sarcoplasmic reticulum
  • Vascular smooth muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Cell Biology

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