The effects of myokines on osteoclasts and osteoblasts

Jin Young Lee, So Jeong Park, Sun Ae Han, Seung Hun Lee, Jung Min Koh, Mark W. Hamrick, Beom Jun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, muscle has received much attention as an endocrine organ regulating other biological targets, including the pancreas, liver, and adipose tissue. Although there is a possibility that muscle-secreting factors biochemically affect bone metabolism in a paracrine manner, the net effects of myokines on the biology of osteoclasts and osteoblasts, particularly on bone mass in vivo, have not yet been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, we performed in vitro as well as animal experiments using conditioned media (CM) collected from C2C12 myoblast and myotube cultures to better understand the interactions between muscle and bone. Compared with non-CM (i.e., control) and myoblast CM, myotube CM markedly inhibited in vitro bone resorption through the suppression of osteoclast differentiation and resorptive activity of individual osteoclasts. Consistently, the expressions of osteoclast differentiation markers, such as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (Trap) and calcitonin receptor (Ctr), decreased with myotube CM. Myotube CM significantly stimulated preosteoblast viability and migration and reduced apoptosis, thereby resulting in an increase in calvaria bone formation. Importantly, systemic treatment with myotube CM for 4 weeks increased bone per tissue volume by 30.7% and 19.6% compared with control and myoblast CM, respectively. These results support the hypothesis that muscle plays beneficial roles in bone health via secretion of anabolic factors, in addition to mechanical stimuli, and importantly indicate that muscle-derived factors can be potential therapeutic targets against metabolic bone diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-754
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume517
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • Bone formation
  • Conditioned media
  • Muscle–bone interaction
  • Myokines
  • Osteoclastogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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