The evolution of the obturator framework design

Gregory R. Parr, L. Kirk Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Scopus citations


This brief overview of the progress and evolution of philosophies of obturator framework designs was accomplished by hand, as well as via Medline. It begins in 1530 AD with Ambrose Paré who described the first button-shaped sponge and metal obturator, and continues through the formation of the American Academy of Maxillofacial Prosthetics and the development of the specialty. It concludes with a simplified discussion of complex surgical-prosthetic coordination and the use of vascularized free flaps with osseointegrated dental implants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-610
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery

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