Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) infections account for a large percentage of fatal hospital acquired pneumonias. One of the PA Type III secreted toxin (TTST) ExoS, a bifunctional protein with N-terminal GTPase activating protein (GAP) and C-terminal ADP rybosyl transferase (ADPRT) activities, significantly contributes to PA virulence by targeting small molecular weight G-proteins (SMWGP). In this study, we have looked at one of the mechanisms by which the GAP portion of ExoS (ExoS-GAP) mediates cellular toxicity. Methods: The effects of ExoS-GAP on CFTR trafficking were studied in CFBE41o- Kir 2.2 and MDCK cell lines stably expressing CFTR using a transient transfection system. Results: Transient transfection of ExoS-GAP increased the total and surface protein levels of mature wild type CFTR in epithelial cells stably expressing wild type (WT) CFTR. The effect of ExoS-GAP was specific to CFTR in bronchial epithelial cells since it did not affect the total protein levels of Na + /K + ATPase, another membrane protein. A point mutation in the ExoS GAP domain (R146K), known to disrupt its catalytic GAP activity, abolished the effect of ExoS-GAP on WT CFTR. Lysosomal inhibition studies with Bafilomycin A1 indicate that ExoS-GAP decreased lysosomal degradation of the mature WT CFTR with concomitant increase in the total levels of mature WT CFTR. However, ExoS-GAP did not increase the total protein levels of F508CFTR. Conclusion: The GAP portion of the PA TTST ExoS increases the total and surface levels of wild type CFTR in vitro mammalian cell system. The effect of ExoS-GAP on WT CFTR total protein levels provides new insight into understanding the virulent pathophysiology of PA infections.
- Pseudomonas aueroginosa
ASJC Scopus subject areas