The importance of corticosterone in mediating restraint-induced weight loss in rats

Isabell J. Scherer, Philip V. Holmes, Ruth B.S. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

I. J. Scherer, P. V. Holmes, R. B.S. Harris. The importance of corticosterone in mediating restraint-induced weight loss in rats. PHYSIOL BEHAV 00 (0) 000-000, 2010. Rats restrained for 3. h/day for 3. days (RR) lose weight and do not return to the weight of non-restrained controls once restraint has ended. This study tested the importance of restraint-induced corticosterone release in mediating the change in body weight by injecting ADX rats with 2.0. mg corticosterone/kg before each restraint to replicate the restraint-induced surge in circulating corticosterone. Restrained adrenalectomized (ADX) rats injected with corticosterone had the same initial weight loss as intact restrained rats, whereas corticosterone injection in non-restrained ADX rats and restraint of ADX rats injected with saline each produced only half as much initial weight loss. Sustained weight loss, measured for 14. days after the end of RR, was the same for restrained intact rats and restrained ADX rats injected with corticosterone whereas restrained ADX rats injected with saline achieved the same weight gain as their controls. Corticosterone injections had no effect on weight gain of non-restrained intact rats. In situ hybridization showed that corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) mRNA expression in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) was increased by the same degree in ADX rats and restrained intact rats and was not modified by corticosterone injections. There was no significant effect of restraint, ADX or corticosterone injection on PVN arginine vasopressin (AVP) mRNA expression. These data indicate that a surge in corticosterone causes sustained weight loss in ADX rats through a mechanism that can be compensated for in intact rats and is independent of changes in PVN CRF or AVP mRNA expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-233
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume102
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

Fingerprint

Corticosterone
Weight Loss
Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus
Hypothalamus
Injections
Arginine Vasopressin
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone
Messenger RNA
Weight Gain
Weights and Measures
Body Weight Changes
In Situ Hybridization

Keywords

  • Adrenalectomy
  • Arginine vasopressin
  • Corticotrophin releasing factor
  • In situ hybridization
  • Paraventricular nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

The importance of corticosterone in mediating restraint-induced weight loss in rats. / Scherer, Isabell J.; Holmes, Philip V.; Harris, Ruth B.S.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 102, No. 2, 01.02.2011, p. 225-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scherer, Isabell J. ; Holmes, Philip V. ; Harris, Ruth B.S. / The importance of corticosterone in mediating restraint-induced weight loss in rats. In: Physiology and Behavior. 2011 ; Vol. 102, No. 2. pp. 225-233.
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