Inflammatory responses initiate rapid production of IL-1 family cytokines, including IL-18. This cytokine is produced at high levels in inflammatory diseases, including allergy and autoimmunity, and is known to induce IgE production in mice. Here we provide evidence that IL-18 is directly coupled to induction of self-reactive IgM and IgG antibody responses and recruitment of innate B2 B cells residing in the marginal zone of the spleen. Moreover, the data suggest that the B-cell activation occurs predominantly in splenic extrafollicular plasma cell foci and is regulated by natural killer T (NKT) cells that prevent formation of mature germinal centers. We also find evidence that NKT cells control this type of B-cell activation via cytotoxicity mediated by both the perforin and CD95/CD178 pathways. Thus, NKT cells regulate innate antibody responses initiated by an inflammatory stimulus, suggesting a general mechanism that regulates B-cell behavior in inflammation and autoreactivity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Dec 20 2011|
- Anti-DNA antibodies
- Biological sciences
- Marginal zone B cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas