The influence of life table corrections for smokers and nonsmokers on the health effects of radon using the beir iv method

H. David Maillie, William Simon, Bennett S. Greenspan, Richard J. Watts, Bernard R. Quinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The BEIR IV report gives graphs and tables that are used to estimate the risks due to radon (222Rn) and its decay products. The BEIR IV hypothesis predicts that the lifetime risks will depend upon the “normal” incidence of fatal lung cancers for nonsmokers and smokers and the life expectancies of both groups. This paper examines the influence of recent information on these health risks. The factors considered are a) the life tables for both sexes and for those who never smoked, formerly smoked, are currently light smokers, or are currently heavy smokers, and b) the age-dependent fatal lung cancer rates for the same groups of people. In general, the calculations indicate that people who have never smoked would have the same risks as those listed in the BEIR IV report as nonsmokers. For males, those who smoke or formerly smoked would have calculated risks that are greater than people who never smoked; however, for males, the smokers and former smokers considered in this paper have lower calculated risks than the BEIR IV smokers. For females, the heavy smokers examined here would have greater calculated risks than the BEIR IV smokers. The reasons for these differences are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)615-620
Number of pages6
JournalHealth physics
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1994

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Health effects
  • Radon
  • Rn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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