The influence of phosphorylation on the activity and structure of the neuronal IQ motif protein, PEP-19

J. Bradley Dickerson, Marc A. Morgan, Ashutosh Mishra, Clive A. Slaughter, James I. Morgan, Jie Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PEP-19 is a 7.6 kDa neuronally expressed polypeptide that contains a single calmodulin-binding IQ motif. The calmodulin-binding activity of several neuronal IQ motif proteins is regulated by phosphorylation of a conserved serine. We propose that the serine residue within the IQ motif of PEP-19 is phosphorylated, and that phosphorylation modifies the activity of PEP-19. Camstatin, a functionally active 25-residue fragment of PEP-19's IQ motif, binds calmodulin and inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase. A truncated camstatin-in which the IQ motif serine is the only phosphorylatable residue-was screened against 42 different kinases. Truncated camstatin is selectively phosphorylated by four isoforms of protein kinase C. Furthermore, treatment of full-length PEP-19 with PKCγ catalyzes phosphorylation of the same serine residue. Fluorescent anisotropy shows that phosphorylation of camstatin inhibits its binding to calmodulin. NMR solution structures indicate that both camstatin and phospho-camstatin exist in similar dynamic turn-like conformations. This suggests that camstatin's greater affinity for calmodulin is due not to a change in the conformation of the phospho-peptide, but rather, to a disruption of hydrophobic interactions between phospho-camstatin and calmodulin caused by the presence of the hydrophilic phosphate group. The Hα chemical shifts and the circular dichroism spectra of the camstatins are consistent with those of "nascent helices". We submit that PEP-19 is a PKC substrate, and that the phosphorylation state of PEP-19 may play a role in the modulation of calmodulin-dependent signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-27
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Research
Volume1092
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Amino Acid Motifs
Calmodulin
Phosphorylation
Serine
camstatin
Peptamen
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I
Peptides
Anisotropy
Circular Dichroism
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Protein Kinase C
Protein Isoforms
Phosphotransferases
Phosphates

Keywords

  • Calmodulin
  • IQ motif
  • Kinase screen
  • NMR
  • PEP-19
  • PKC
  • Phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

The influence of phosphorylation on the activity and structure of the neuronal IQ motif protein, PEP-19. / Dickerson, J. Bradley; Morgan, Marc A.; Mishra, Ashutosh; Slaughter, Clive A.; Morgan, James I.; Zheng, Jie.

In: Brain Research, Vol. 1092, No. 1, 30.05.2006, p. 16-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dickerson, J. Bradley ; Morgan, Marc A. ; Mishra, Ashutosh ; Slaughter, Clive A. ; Morgan, James I. ; Zheng, Jie. / The influence of phosphorylation on the activity and structure of the neuronal IQ motif protein, PEP-19. In: Brain Research. 2006 ; Vol. 1092, No. 1. pp. 16-27.
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AB - PEP-19 is a 7.6 kDa neuronally expressed polypeptide that contains a single calmodulin-binding IQ motif. The calmodulin-binding activity of several neuronal IQ motif proteins is regulated by phosphorylation of a conserved serine. We propose that the serine residue within the IQ motif of PEP-19 is phosphorylated, and that phosphorylation modifies the activity of PEP-19. Camstatin, a functionally active 25-residue fragment of PEP-19's IQ motif, binds calmodulin and inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase. A truncated camstatin-in which the IQ motif serine is the only phosphorylatable residue-was screened against 42 different kinases. Truncated camstatin is selectively phosphorylated by four isoforms of protein kinase C. Furthermore, treatment of full-length PEP-19 with PKCγ catalyzes phosphorylation of the same serine residue. Fluorescent anisotropy shows that phosphorylation of camstatin inhibits its binding to calmodulin. NMR solution structures indicate that both camstatin and phospho-camstatin exist in similar dynamic turn-like conformations. This suggests that camstatin's greater affinity for calmodulin is due not to a change in the conformation of the phospho-peptide, but rather, to a disruption of hydrophobic interactions between phospho-camstatin and calmodulin caused by the presence of the hydrophilic phosphate group. The Hα chemical shifts and the circular dichroism spectra of the camstatins are consistent with those of "nascent helices". We submit that PEP-19 is a PKC substrate, and that the phosphorylation state of PEP-19 may play a role in the modulation of calmodulin-dependent signaling.

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