The levosimendan metabolite OR-1896 elicits vasodilation by activating the K ATP and BK Ca channels in rat isolated arterioles

Nóra Erdei, Zoltán Papp, Piero Pollesello, István Édes, Zsolt Bagi

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56 Scopus citations


1 We characterized the vasoactive effects of OR-1896, the long-lived metabolite of the inodilator levosimendan, in coronary and skeletal muscle microvessels. 2 The effect of OR-1896 on isolated, pressurized (80 mmHg) rat coronary and gracilis muscle arteriole (∼150 μm) diameters was investigated by videomicroscopy. 3 OR-1896 elicited concentration-dependent (1 nM-10 μM) dilations in coronary (maximal dilation: 66±6%, relative to that in Ca 2+-free solutions; pD 2: 7.16±0.42) and gracilis muscle arterioles (maximal dilation: 73±4%; pD 2: 6.71±0.42), these dilations proving comparable to those induced by levosimendan (1 nM-10 μM) in coronary (maximal dilation: 83±6%; pD 2: 7.06±0.14) and gracilis muscle arterioles (maximal dilation: 73±12%; pD 2: 7.05±0.1). 4 The maximal dilations in response to OR-1896 were significantly (P<0.05) attenuated by the nonselective K + channel inhibitor tetraethylammonium (1 mM) in coronary (to 34±9%) and gracilis muscle arterioles (to 28±6%). 5 Glibenclamide (5 or 10 μM), a selective ATP-sensitive K + channel (K ATP) blocker, elicited a greater reduction of OR-1896-induced dilations in skeletal muscle arterioles than in coronary microvessels. 6 Conversely, the selective inhibition of the large conductance Ca 2+-activated K + channels (BK Ca) with iberiotoxin (100 nM) significantly reduced the OR-1896-induced maximal dilation in coronary arterioles (to 21±6%), but was ineffective in skeletal muscle arterioles (72±8%). 7 Accordingly, OR-1896 elicits a substantial vasodilation in coronary and skeletal muscle arterioles, by activating primarily BK Ca and K ATP channels, respectively, and it is suggested that OR-1896 contributes to the long-term hemodynamic effects of levosimendan.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)696-702
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 5 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Coronary
  • K channels
  • Levosimendan
  • Microvessel
  • OR-1896
  • Skeletal muscle
  • Vasodilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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