The Mediating Role of Internalized Racism in the Relationship Between Racist Experiences and Anxiety Symptoms in a Black American Sample

Jessica R. Graham, Lindsey Michelle West, Jennifer Martinez, Lizabeth Roemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The current study explores the potential mediating role of internalized racism in the relationship between racist experiences and anxiety symptomology in a Black American sample. Method: One hundred and 73 Black American participants, between 18 and 62 years of age, completed a questionnaire packet containing measures of anxious arousal and stress symptoms, internalized racism, and experiences of racist events. Results: Results indicated that internalized racism mediated the relationship between past-year frequency of racist events and anxious arousal as well as past-year frequency of racist events and stress symptoms. Conclusions: Internalized racism may be 1 mechanism that underlies the relationship between racism and anxious symptomology for Black Americans. These preliminary findings suggest that internalized racism may be an avenue through which clinicians can target the anxiety elicited by racist experiences. The clinical implications of these findings and future research directions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-376
Number of pages8
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Fingerprint

Racism
racism
Anxiety
anxiety
experience
Arousal
event
questionnaire

Keywords

  • African American
  • Anxiety
  • Black
  • Racism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

The Mediating Role of Internalized Racism in the Relationship Between Racist Experiences and Anxiety Symptoms in a Black American Sample. / Graham, Jessica R.; West, Lindsey Michelle; Martinez, Jennifer; Roemer, Lizabeth.

In: Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 3, 01.07.2016, p. 369-376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f524e87e99af421a9e9dfda4c9e1340c,
title = "The Mediating Role of Internalized Racism in the Relationship Between Racist Experiences and Anxiety Symptoms in a Black American Sample",
abstract = "Objectives: The current study explores the potential mediating role of internalized racism in the relationship between racist experiences and anxiety symptomology in a Black American sample. Method: One hundred and 73 Black American participants, between 18 and 62 years of age, completed a questionnaire packet containing measures of anxious arousal and stress symptoms, internalized racism, and experiences of racist events. Results: Results indicated that internalized racism mediated the relationship between past-year frequency of racist events and anxious arousal as well as past-year frequency of racist events and stress symptoms. Conclusions: Internalized racism may be 1 mechanism that underlies the relationship between racism and anxious symptomology for Black Americans. These preliminary findings suggest that internalized racism may be an avenue through which clinicians can target the anxiety elicited by racist experiences. The clinical implications of these findings and future research directions are discussed.",
keywords = "African American, Anxiety, Black, Racism",
author = "Graham, {Jessica R.} and West, {Lindsey Michelle} and Jennifer Martinez and Lizabeth Roemer",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/cdp0000073",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "369--376",
journal = "Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology",
issn = "1099-9809",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Mediating Role of Internalized Racism in the Relationship Between Racist Experiences and Anxiety Symptoms in a Black American Sample

AU - Graham, Jessica R.

AU - West, Lindsey Michelle

AU - Martinez, Jennifer

AU - Roemer, Lizabeth

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Objectives: The current study explores the potential mediating role of internalized racism in the relationship between racist experiences and anxiety symptomology in a Black American sample. Method: One hundred and 73 Black American participants, between 18 and 62 years of age, completed a questionnaire packet containing measures of anxious arousal and stress symptoms, internalized racism, and experiences of racist events. Results: Results indicated that internalized racism mediated the relationship between past-year frequency of racist events and anxious arousal as well as past-year frequency of racist events and stress symptoms. Conclusions: Internalized racism may be 1 mechanism that underlies the relationship between racism and anxious symptomology for Black Americans. These preliminary findings suggest that internalized racism may be an avenue through which clinicians can target the anxiety elicited by racist experiences. The clinical implications of these findings and future research directions are discussed.

AB - Objectives: The current study explores the potential mediating role of internalized racism in the relationship between racist experiences and anxiety symptomology in a Black American sample. Method: One hundred and 73 Black American participants, between 18 and 62 years of age, completed a questionnaire packet containing measures of anxious arousal and stress symptoms, internalized racism, and experiences of racist events. Results: Results indicated that internalized racism mediated the relationship between past-year frequency of racist events and anxious arousal as well as past-year frequency of racist events and stress symptoms. Conclusions: Internalized racism may be 1 mechanism that underlies the relationship between racism and anxious symptomology for Black Americans. These preliminary findings suggest that internalized racism may be an avenue through which clinicians can target the anxiety elicited by racist experiences. The clinical implications of these findings and future research directions are discussed.

KW - African American

KW - Anxiety

KW - Black

KW - Racism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84953931760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84953931760&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/cdp0000073

DO - 10.1037/cdp0000073

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 369

EP - 376

JO - Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

JF - Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology

SN - 1099-9809

IS - 3

ER -