The persisting burden of visceral leishmaniasis in Iraq

Data of the National Surveillance System, 1990-2009

Ban Ahmed Majeed, J. Sobel, A. Nawar, S. Badri, H. Muslim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an endemic parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of sand flies. To describe trends and demographics of reported VL cases, we reviewed surveillance data from 1990-2009. Reported VL incidence per 100 000 population was 2·6 in 2007, 3·1 in 2008, and 4·8 in 2009, mostly in children aged <5 years. The number of cases varied greatly in step with prevailing economic and security conditions, raising concerns about the completeness and quality of surveillance data. Nevertheless, we conclude that VL remains an important endemic disease in Iraq and that surveillance system is recovering the capacity to detect cases as the country experiences greater stability. We recommend conducting formal entomological investigations, and evaluating existing control measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-466
Number of pages24
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume141
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Iraq
Visceral Leishmaniasis
Endemic Diseases
Psychodidae
Parasitic Diseases
Bites and Stings
Economics
Demography
Incidence
Population

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Iraq
  • surveillance
  • visceral leishmaniasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

The persisting burden of visceral leishmaniasis in Iraq : Data of the National Surveillance System, 1990-2009. / Majeed, Ban Ahmed; Sobel, J.; Nawar, A.; Badri, S.; Muslim, H.

In: Epidemiology and Infection, Vol. 141, No. 2, 01.02.2013, p. 443-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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