The PINK1/PARK2/optineurin pathway of mitophagy is activated for protection in septic acute kidney injury

Ying Wang, Jiefu Zhu, Zhiwen Liu, Shaoqun Shu, Ying Fu, Yuxue Liu, Juan Cai, Chengyuan Tang, Yu Liu, Xiaoming Yin, Zheng Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sepsis is the major cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with high mortality rates. Mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of septic AKI. Mitophagy is an important mitochondrial quality control mechanism that selectively eliminates damaged mitochondria, but its role and regulation in septic AKI remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate the induction of mitophagy in mouse models of septic AKI induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment or by cecal ligation and puncture. Mitophagy was also induced in cultured proximal tubular epithelial cells exposed to LPS. Induction of mitophagy under these experimental setting was suppressed by pink1 or park2 knockout, indicating the role of the PINK1/PARK2 pathway of mitophagy in septic AKI. In addition, sepsis induced more severe kidney injury and cell apoptosis in pink1 or park2 knockout mice than in wild-type mice, suggesting a beneficial role of mitophagy in septic AKI. Furthermore, in cultured renal tubular cells treated with LPS, knockdown of pink1 or park2 inhibited mitochondrial accumulation of the autophagy adaptor optineurin (OPTN) and silencing Optn inhibited LPS-induced mitophagy. Taken together, these findings suggest that the PINK1/PARK2 pathway of mitophagy plays an important role in mitochondrial quality control, tubular cell survival, and renal function in septic AKI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101767
JournalRedox Biology
Volume38
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Mitophgay
  • Optineurin
  • PARK2
  • PINK1
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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