The prevalence of gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor mutations in a large cohort of patients with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

Balasubramanian Bhagavath, Metin Ozata, I. C. Ozdemir, Erol Bolu, David P. Bick, Richard J. Sherins, Lawrence C Layman

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of GNRH receptor (GNRHR) gene mutations in a large cohort of patients with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH). Design: Molecular analysis and genotype/phenotype correlations. Setting: University molecular reproductive endocrinology laboratory. Patient(s): North American and Turkish patients with IHH. Intervention(s): DNA from 185 IHH patients were subjected to denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis for exons and splice junctions of the GNRHR gene. Variant fragments were sequenced. Main Outcome Measure(s): GNRHR mutations were characterized and compared with the phenotype. The prevalence of GNRHR mutations was also determined. Result(s): Three of 185 (1.6%; confidence interval [CI] 0.3%-4.7%) total IHH patients demonstrated compound heterozygous GNRHR mutations. All three were identified from a cohort of 85 normosmic patients (3.5%, CI 0.73%-7.5%), and none were demonstrated in hyposmic or anosmic IHH patients. GNRHR mutations were identified in 1 of 15 (6.7%; CI 0.2%-32.0%) families with at least two affected siblings, and in 2 of 18 (11.1%; CI 1.4%-34.7%) normosmic females. None were found in presumably autosomal dominant families. Conclusion(s): GNRHR mutations account for approximately 3.5% of all normosmic and 7%-11% of presumed autosomal recessive IHH, suggesting that additional genes play an important role in normal puberty. We believe this to be the largest GNRHR gene mutation analysis performed to date in a population of IHH patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)951-957
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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