The relevance of transforming growth factor β1 in pulmonary injury after radiation therapy

Mitchell S. Anscher, Feng Ming Kong, Randy L. Jirtle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

The maximum dose of radiation which can be delivered to a tumor is limited by the tolerance of the surrounding normal tissues. The ability to identify patients at high or low risk of injury from radiation therapy might enable the clinician to tailor radiation doses in order to maximize efficacy and minimize risk. The cytokine transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) has been implicated in the development of normal tissue injury after irradiation in several organs, including the lung. Herein, the evidence supporting the role of TGFβ1 in radiation-induced lung injury is reviewed. Using the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer as a model, we also discuss how it may be possible to identify patients at risk for this complication using measurements of plasma TGFβ1, and how this information may be used in the future to adjust doses of radiation in the treatment of lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-120
Number of pages12
JournalLung Cancer
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1998

Keywords

  • Complications
  • Lung cancer
  • Radiation therapy
  • Transforming growth factor β

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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