It is shown that thermodynamic scaling when applied to systems with few (∼ 150) constituents, in accordance with the theory of critical phenomena, is observed in nuclear multifragmentation. Yields of different nuclear fragments, obtained over a wide range of excitation energies, collapse with some scatter onto a universal curve. This curve is the nuclear scaling function, which is intimately related to the free energy of the system. The determination of the scaling function forms the basis for quantitatively predicting the critical behavior in nuclei.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 29 1998|
- Critical exponents
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics