Multiple myeloma confers a high risk for vascular thrombosis, a risk that is increased by treatment with immunomodulatory agents. Strikingly, inclusion of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib reduces thrombotic risk, yet the molecular basis for this observation remains unknown. Here, we show that bortezomib prolongs thrombosis times in the carotid artery photochemical injury assay in normal mice. Cell-based studies show that bortezomib increases expression of the transcription factor Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) in multiple cell types. Global postnatal overexpression of KLF2 (GL-K2-TG) increased time to thrombosis, and global postnatal deletion of KLF2 (GL-K2-KO) conferred an antiparallel effect. Finally, studies in GL-K2-KO mice showed that the thromboprotective effect of bortezomib is KLF2 dependent. These findings identify a transcriptional basis for the antithrombotic effects of bortezomib.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology