Millions of people engage in occupational or leisure activities at high altitude or at variable depths below sea level. This article presents an overview of the utility of pulmonary function testing in evaluating complications and other consequences of exposure to high and low pressure environments. The authors review recent literature concerning expected changes in pulmonary function with hyperbaric and hypobaric exposures. The article provides guidance for clinicians evaluating mountain climbers, pilots, aircrew members, airline passengers and deep sea divers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine