The value of the Wechsler intelligence scale for children-fourth edition Digit Span as an embedded measure of effort: An investigation into children with dual diagnoses

Ashlee R. Loughan, Robert Perna, Jeremy Hertza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is a measure of test-taking effort which has traditionally been utilized with adults, but which more recently has demonstrated utility with children. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether theWechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) Digit Span, commonly used in neuropsychological evaluations, can also be functional as an embedded measure by detecting effort in children with dual diagnoses; a population yet to be investigated. Participants (n = 51) who completed neuropsychological evaluations including the TOMM, WISC-IV, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Children's Memory Scale, and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System were divided into two groups: Optimal Effort and Suboptimal Effort, based on their TOMM Trial 2 scores. Digit Span findings suggest a useful scaled score of ≤4 resulted in optimal cutoff scores, yielding specificity of 91% and sensitivity of 43%. This study supports previous research that the WISC-IV Digit Span has good utility in determining optimal effort, even in children with dual diagnosis or comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)716-724
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume27
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012

Fingerprint

Dual (Psychiatry) Diagnosis
Wechsler Scales
Intelligence
Malingering
Executive Function
Comorbidity
Sensitivity and Specificity
Research
Population

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Dual diagnoses
  • Effort
  • Neuropsychology
  • Pediatrics
  • TOMM
  • WISC-IV Digit Span

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{9c3ac7c18a98416580751b8813a2f88c,
title = "The value of the Wechsler intelligence scale for children-fourth edition Digit Span as an embedded measure of effort: An investigation into children with dual diagnoses",
abstract = "The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is a measure of test-taking effort which has traditionally been utilized with adults, but which more recently has demonstrated utility with children. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether theWechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) Digit Span, commonly used in neuropsychological evaluations, can also be functional as an embedded measure by detecting effort in children with dual diagnoses; a population yet to be investigated. Participants (n = 51) who completed neuropsychological evaluations including the TOMM, WISC-IV, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Children's Memory Scale, and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System were divided into two groups: Optimal Effort and Suboptimal Effort, based on their TOMM Trial 2 scores. Digit Span findings suggest a useful scaled score of ≤4 resulted in optimal cutoff scores, yielding specificity of 91{\%} and sensitivity of 43{\%}. This study supports previous research that the WISC-IV Digit Span has good utility in determining optimal effort, even in children with dual diagnosis or comorbidities.",
keywords = "Comorbidity, Dual diagnoses, Effort, Neuropsychology, Pediatrics, TOMM, WISC-IV Digit Span",
author = "Loughan, {Ashlee R.} and Robert Perna and Jeremy Hertza",
year = "2012",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/arclin/acs072",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "716--724",
journal = "Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology",
issn = "0887-6177",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The value of the Wechsler intelligence scale for children-fourth edition Digit Span as an embedded measure of effort

T2 - An investigation into children with dual diagnoses

AU - Loughan, Ashlee R.

AU - Perna, Robert

AU - Hertza, Jeremy

PY - 2012/11/1

Y1 - 2012/11/1

N2 - The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is a measure of test-taking effort which has traditionally been utilized with adults, but which more recently has demonstrated utility with children. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether theWechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) Digit Span, commonly used in neuropsychological evaluations, can also be functional as an embedded measure by detecting effort in children with dual diagnoses; a population yet to be investigated. Participants (n = 51) who completed neuropsychological evaluations including the TOMM, WISC-IV, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Children's Memory Scale, and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System were divided into two groups: Optimal Effort and Suboptimal Effort, based on their TOMM Trial 2 scores. Digit Span findings suggest a useful scaled score of ≤4 resulted in optimal cutoff scores, yielding specificity of 91% and sensitivity of 43%. This study supports previous research that the WISC-IV Digit Span has good utility in determining optimal effort, even in children with dual diagnosis or comorbidities.

AB - The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is a measure of test-taking effort which has traditionally been utilized with adults, but which more recently has demonstrated utility with children. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether theWechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) Digit Span, commonly used in neuropsychological evaluations, can also be functional as an embedded measure by detecting effort in children with dual diagnoses; a population yet to be investigated. Participants (n = 51) who completed neuropsychological evaluations including the TOMM, WISC-IV, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Children's Memory Scale, and Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System were divided into two groups: Optimal Effort and Suboptimal Effort, based on their TOMM Trial 2 scores. Digit Span findings suggest a useful scaled score of ≤4 resulted in optimal cutoff scores, yielding specificity of 91% and sensitivity of 43%. This study supports previous research that the WISC-IV Digit Span has good utility in determining optimal effort, even in children with dual diagnosis or comorbidities.

KW - Comorbidity

KW - Dual diagnoses

KW - Effort

KW - Neuropsychology

KW - Pediatrics

KW - TOMM

KW - WISC-IV Digit Span

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872952275&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872952275&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/arclin/acs072

DO - 10.1093/arclin/acs072

M3 - Article

C2 - 22975746

AN - SCOPUS:84872952275

VL - 27

SP - 716

EP - 724

JO - Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

JF - Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

SN - 0887-6177

IS - 7

ER -