Theory of intelligent collectives: An experimental physiological approach to group decision-making

Megan McKoy, S. Spitler, Kelsey Zuchegno, E. Taylor, K. C. Hewitt, John Shallcross, Preston Roman, Nadya Clontz, Austin Goetz, Kevin Asmann, Alana Enslein, Stephen Hobbs, Robert A. Reeves, Tadd Patton, W. FLawless

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

We review our theory of robust intelligence (RI) for groups. We examine the quality of decisions by groups in the laboratory under either majority rule (MR) or consensus rule (CR). Theoretically, engagement in decision-making becomes a factor depending on whether an individual is in a group or in competition between groups. From earlier research, measures of engagement in three-person groups included selfreports, counts of utterances during discussions, and changes in electro-dermal activity (i.e., galvanic skin responses, or GSR). We predicted engagement (number of utterances) would be greater under CR than MR; under MR, we predicted that GSRs would be greater (more attention). Based on partial analyses, participants under CR spoke significantly more often during discussions than MR. As predicted, after de-trending GSR data, we found MR produced higher GSRs and shorter discussions. Our recent work in group size has increased to five participants working on Wason Selection Tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationImproving Organizational Effectiveness with Enterprise Information Systems
PublisherIGI Global
Pages188-204
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781466683693
ISBN (Print)1466683686, 9781466683686
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

Cite this

McKoy, M., Spitler, S., Zuchegno, K., Taylor, E., Hewitt, K. C., Shallcross, J., Roman, P., Clontz, N., Goetz, A., Asmann, K., Enslein, A., Hobbs, S., Reeves, R. A., Patton, T., & FLawless, W. (2015). Theory of intelligent collectives: An experimental physiological approach to group decision-making. In Improving Organizational Effectiveness with Enterprise Information Systems (pp. 188-204). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-8368-6.Ch012