Therapeutic potential of microRNAs for the treatment of renal fibrosis and CKD

Wenshan Lv, Fan Fan, Yangang Wang, Ezekiel Gonzalez-Fernandez, Chen Wang, Lili Yang, George W. Booz, Richard J. Roman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Chronic kidney disease (CKD), defined as reduced glomerular filtration rate, is increasingly becoming a major public health issue. At the histological level, renal fibrosis is the final common pathway leading to end-stage renal disease, irrespective of the initial injury. According to this view, antifibrotic agents should slow or halt the progression of CKD. However, due to multiple overlapping pathways stimulating fibrosis, it has been difficult to develop antifibrotic drugs that delay or reverse the progression of CKD. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNA molecules, 18–22 nucleotides in length, that control many developmental and cellular processes as posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression. Emerging evidence suggests that miRNAs targeted against genes involved in renal fibrosis might be potential candidates for the development of antifibrotic therapies for CKD. This review will discuss some of the miRNAs, such as Let-7, miR-21,-29, -192, -200,-324, -132, -212, -30, -126, -433, -214, and -199a, that are implicated in renal fibrosis and the potential to exploit these molecular targets for the treatment of CKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-34
Number of pages15
JournalPhysiological Genomics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Chronic kidney disease
  • MicroRNA
  • Renal fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics


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