We develop a simple, mean-field-like theory for the normal phase of a unitary Fermi gas by deriving a self-consistent equation for its self-energy via a momentum-dependent coupling constant for both attractive and repulsive universal fermions. For attractive universal fermions in the lower branch of a Feshbach resonance, we use zero-temperature Monte Carlo results as a starting point for one-step iteration in order to derive an analytical expression for the momentum-dependent self-energy. For repulsive universal fermions in the upper branch of a Feshbach resonance, we iteratively calculate the momentum-dependent self-energy via our self-consistent equation. Lastly, for the case of population imbalance, we propose an ansatz for higher-order virial expansion coefficents. Overall, we find that our theory is in good agreement with currently available, high-temperature experimental data.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 2 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics