BACKGROUND: Several surgical options exist for the reconstruction of total pharyngolaryngectomy defect. The purpose of this report is to present our experience with ileocolon flap for simultaneous reconstruction of both esophagus and voice.
METHODS: Demographic data, clinical information, and outcomes of 205 patients who underwent the ileocolon flap procedure over the last 35 years were examined. Preoperative evaluation, intraoperative details, and postoperative management were analyzed. The types of additional procedures performed to improve outcomes were explored.
RESULTS: Of the 205 patients, 191 had a free ileocolon flap and the remaining 14 a pedicled flap. Ninety-seven percent of the flaps were successful with a fistula rate of 5.4%. Seven patients required reexploration and six flaps failed. Seventy-eight percent of the patients reported their swallowing function to be very good to excellent. Speech function was rated as good in 64% of patients and moderate in 21%. Three patients develop bowel obstruction, two of which required enterolysis. Five patients had postoperative diarrhea that responded to conservative measures.
CONCLUSION: Reconstruction of pharyngoesophageal defects with ileocolon flap permits resumption of swallowing and production of speech without the need for voice prosthesis and with minimal complications.
- Free Tissue Flaps/transplantation
- Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery
- Middle Aged
- Pharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery
- Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods
- Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery