TIMP-1 overexpression in lung carcinoma enhances tumor kinetics and angiogenesis in brain metastasis

Mumtaz V. Rojiani, Sampa Ghoshal-Gupta, Ammar Kutiyanawalla, Sunil Mathur, Amyn M. Rojiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP) orchestrate many biologic activities, including inhibition ofmatrix metalloproteinase activity, activation of proYmatrix metalloproteinases, and regulation of cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and apoptosis induction. Tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase can play a protective role during tumor invasion and metastasis, but elevated TIMP messenger RNA levels have also been associated with aggressive cancers and poor clinical outcome. We examined the potential roles of TIMP-1 in H2009 lung adenocarcinoma cells and in cells transfected with a human TIMP-1Yoverexpressing vector (HB-6 and HB-1). Tumors resulting from the implantation of parental cell lines and transfected HB-1 cells into the brains of nude mice had a typical carcinoma profile, but human TIMP-1Yoverexpressing tumors showed enhanced tumor kinetics and focally more infiltrative features; vessel density assessed with anti-CD31 immunohistochemistry was also greater within HB-1 tumor implants. Similar effects on HB-6 and HB-1 cells versus parental cell lines and empty vector clones were observed in endothelial cell assays. Anchorage-independent growth and invasion through Matrigel were also increased in TIMP- 1Yoverexpressing cells. Together, these results indicate tumorpromoting functions of TIMP-1 through alterations in angiogenesis, increased tumorigenicity, and invasive behavior. Although matrix metalloproteinase inhibition has been the traditionally identified function of TIMP-1, matrix metalloproteinaseYindependent interactions may contribute to the growth of metastatic carcinomas in the brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-304
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Volume74
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 2015

Keywords

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Brain
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Matrix metalloproteinase
  • Metastasis
  • Tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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