To Conceal or Not to Conceal: Supervisee and Client Identity Processes in Clinical Supervision

Joanna M. Drinane, Melanie M. Wilcox, Laurice Cabrera, Stephanie Winkeljohn Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Supervision is often conceived of as the “instructional strategy that most characterizes the preparation of mental health professionals” (Bernard & Goodyear, 2019; p. 2). Engaging in this process fully and authentically inevitably involves being vulnerable in front of and with one’s supervisor in an effort to learn and grow. Tomore fully understand the supervisory relationship, researchers have focused on what supervisees do and donot share with their supervisors. This article sought to understand the extent to which supervisees engage in aprocess of concealment or nondisclosure about culture while in supervision. Cultural concealment (operationalized by Drinane, et al., 2018) was measured on 2 levels: one focused on if the supervisee concealed their ownculture and one focused on if the supervisee concealed aspects of their clients’ cultural identities. First, wefound significant negative associations between each of these levels of cultural concealment and satisfactionwith supervision and the supervisory working alliance. We then computed a residual score whereby superviseecultural concealment about clients was predicted by supervisee cultural concealment about themselves. This residual variable was a significant predictor of satisfaction with supervision with supervision and with the supervisory working alliance, indicating that the relationship between these levels of concealment is important andrelated to the process of supervision. Implications and future directions will be discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)429-436
Number of pages8
JournalPsychotherapy
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Cultural concealment
  • Satisfaction with supervision
  • Supervision
  • Supervisory working alliance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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