Topotecan (Hycamtin; SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Philadelphia, PA) a new chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of patients with advanced carcinoma of the ovary after failure of initial or subsequent therapy, is a specific, potent inhibitor of the enzyme topoisomerase I. Myelosuppression is the dose-limiting toxicity of topotecan, and can interfere with the administration of the recommended dose/schedule of the drug by delaying the next cycle of chemotherapy or by requiring a reduction in the dose. The results from clinical studies suggest that routine granulocyte colony-stimulating factor therapy is not needed when topotecan is administered at the recommended dose of 1.5 mg/m2/d for 5 days. However, patients should be carefully monitored, as some may benefit from hematopoietic growth factor support on subsequent cycles.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Seminars in Oncology|
|Issue number||1 Suppl 5|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1997|
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