Total parenteral nutrition for the very low birth weight infant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Preterm infants, especially very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) infants, are susceptible to growth failure in postnatal life if nutritional demands are not met. Poor postnatal growth in preterm infants is associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes during childhood. Early parental nutrition is of paramount importance to provide appropriate protein and energy in VLBW infants when enteral nutrition is not feasible or is suboptimal. An "early and aggressive" approach of parenteral nutrition in preterm infants has been shown to prevent protein catabolism, induce positive nitrogen balance and improve postnatal growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSeminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 26 2016

Fingerprint

Very Low Birth Weight Infant
Total Parenteral Nutrition
Premature Infants
Growth
Parenteral Nutrition
Low Birth Weight Infant
Enteral Nutrition
Proteins
Nitrogen

Keywords

  • Central line-associated bloodstream infection
  • Metabolic bone disease
  • Parenteral nutrition
  • Parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease
  • Thermo-neutral environment
  • Very low birth weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

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title = "Total parenteral nutrition for the very low birth weight infant",
abstract = "Preterm infants, especially very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) infants, are susceptible to growth failure in postnatal life if nutritional demands are not met. Poor postnatal growth in preterm infants is associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes during childhood. Early parental nutrition is of paramount importance to provide appropriate protein and energy in VLBW infants when enteral nutrition is not feasible or is suboptimal. An {"}early and aggressive{"} approach of parenteral nutrition in preterm infants has been shown to prevent protein catabolism, induce positive nitrogen balance and improve postnatal growth.",
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AU - Bhatia, Jatinder

N1 - Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2016/8/26

Y1 - 2016/8/26

N2 - Preterm infants, especially very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) infants, are susceptible to growth failure in postnatal life if nutritional demands are not met. Poor postnatal growth in preterm infants is associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes during childhood. Early parental nutrition is of paramount importance to provide appropriate protein and energy in VLBW infants when enteral nutrition is not feasible or is suboptimal. An "early and aggressive" approach of parenteral nutrition in preterm infants has been shown to prevent protein catabolism, induce positive nitrogen balance and improve postnatal growth.

AB - Preterm infants, especially very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) infants, are susceptible to growth failure in postnatal life if nutritional demands are not met. Poor postnatal growth in preterm infants is associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes during childhood. Early parental nutrition is of paramount importance to provide appropriate protein and energy in VLBW infants when enteral nutrition is not feasible or is suboptimal. An "early and aggressive" approach of parenteral nutrition in preterm infants has been shown to prevent protein catabolism, induce positive nitrogen balance and improve postnatal growth.

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KW - Metabolic bone disease

KW - Parenteral nutrition

KW - Parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease

KW - Thermo-neutral environment

KW - Very low birth weight

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