Train duration effects on perception: Sensory deficit, neglect, and cerebral lateralization

Kimford J. Meador, Patty G. Ray, Larry J. Day, David W. Loring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanisms of conscious perception are uncertain. In a preliminary study, dramatic effects of train duration on perception in a patient with right brain stroke were noted. In this study, the mechanisms of train duration on perception of peripheral somatosensory stimuli are examined. Subjects included healthy adults and patients with right brain infarctions. Train duration effects on perception were examined in relation to cerebral infarction, handedness, age, elevated peripheral threshold via bupivacaine, and impaired attention via diazepam or scopolamine. Perceptual thresholds to electrical pulses on the hand decreased as train duration increased, but only over the first several hundred milliseconds. Compared to controls, right brain stroke patients showed much greater lowering of threshold in the affected hand as train duration was extended. Age and bupivacaine elevated thresholds, but had little or no influence on train duration effects. Diazepam and scopolamine had no effect on thresholds. Thresholds were lower in the left than right hand of healthy dextral subjects, irrespective of age. Sinistral subjects had less left/right asymmetry. Increased train duration effect in patients is not explained by a primary elevation in threshold or by impaired vigilance. Lower perceptual thresholds in the left hand of healthy dextral subjects is consistent with right cerebral dominance for externally directed attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-413
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Fingerprint

Perceptual Disorders
Hand
Healthy Volunteers
Scopolamine Hydrobromide
Bupivacaine
Patient Rights
Diazepam
Stroke
Cerebral Dominance
Brain Infarction
Functional Laterality
Cerebral Infarction
Brain

Keywords

  • Consciousness
  • Lateralization
  • Neglect
  • Perception
  • Somatosensory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Train duration effects on perception : Sensory deficit, neglect, and cerebral lateralization. / Meador, Kimford J.; Ray, Patty G.; Day, Larry J.; Loring, David W.

In: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol. 17, No. 4, 01.01.2000, p. 406-413.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Meador, Kimford J. ; Ray, Patty G. ; Day, Larry J. ; Loring, David W. / Train duration effects on perception : Sensory deficit, neglect, and cerebral lateralization. In: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology. 2000 ; Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 406-413.
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