Transforming growth factor beta isoforms production by human peritoneal mesothelial cells after exposure to hypoxia

Ghassan M. Saed, Wendy Zhang, Naser Chegini, Lena Holmdahl, Michael P. Diamond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

PROBLEM: Although human mesothelial cells (HMC) line nearly the entire abdominal cavity, little is known about their role in adhesion formation. This study determines the effect of hypoxia and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 on the ability of HMC to produce TGF-β1-3, which have been implicated as mediators of the healing process. METHOD OF STUDY: HMC were cultured under normal and hypoxic conditions, and treated with and without TGF-β1 for 24 hr. RNA from each group was subjected to multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction to quantitate TGF-β1-3 mRNA levels. RESULTS: Hypoxia resulted in 2- and 3.3-fold increase, while TGF-β1 treatment resulted in 1.4- and 1.2-fold increase (normoxia) and 0- and 4.8-fold increase (hypoxia) in TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 mRNA levels, respectively. There was no detectable TGF-β3 mRNA in HMC before or after treatments. CONCLUSION: TGF-β1 treatment under hypoxia further extenuates endogenous TGF-β2 but blocks TGF-β1 production, thereby decreasing the TGF-β1/TGF-β2 ratio, which may result in the reduction of scarring and fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-291
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Hypoxia
  • Mesothelial cells
  • Peritoneum
  • TGF-β

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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