Tritium Aging of LaNi4.15Al0.85 (LANA.85)

David W. James, Gregory C. Staack, Simona Elisabeta Murph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Savannah River Tritium Enterprise (SRTE) has used hydride beds to store and process hydrogen isotopes for over two decades. New beds are being designed to use a hydride material LaNi4.15Al0.85 (LANA.85) that has a lower plateau pressure than the material previously employed. LANA.85 is expected to have a limited service life due to radiolytic decay of tritium to He-3 within the metal matrix, which will result in degradation of hydride performance. Tritium aging was initiated on a LANA.85 metal hydride sample to look for changes in desorption isotherm performance which occur with aging. Desorption isotherms were collected at 120 C, and 160 C annually. A lower temperature isotherm was collected at 100 C after 2 years of aging. A single absorption isotherm was collected each year at 120 C. After testing, each sample was reloaded with tritium for quiescent aging until the following year. Samples were stored in the beta phase. Results collected on the virgin material and annually for 2 years of tritium exposure are presented and discussed. The results have shown no unexpected behavior of the LANA.85 materials over the course of tritium exposure. As the service life of a the new hydride bed being designed is greater than 8 years, further annual monitoring and evaluation is recommended to track the effects of tritium exposure on isotherm behavior. Continued evaluation of will reduce the likelihood that unanticipated behaviors will be encountered in full scale production beds within the SRTE Tritium Facility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-569
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Science and Technology
Volume71
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2017

Fingerprint

Tritium
tritium
Aging of materials
Hydrides
Isotherms
isotherms
hydrides
beds
grasslands
service life
Service life
rivers
Desorption
Rivers
Metals
desorption
metal hydrides
hydrogen isotopes
evaluation
Isotopes

Keywords

  • Hydride storage
  • Isotherm performance
  • LANA.85
  • Tritium aging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Tritium Aging of LaNi4.15Al0.85 (LANA.85). / James, David W.; Staack, Gregory C.; Murph, Simona Elisabeta.

In: Fusion Science and Technology, Vol. 71, No. 4, 01.05.2017, p. 565-569.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

James, David W. ; Staack, Gregory C. ; Murph, Simona Elisabeta. / Tritium Aging of LaNi4.15Al0.85 (LANA.85). In: Fusion Science and Technology. 2017 ; Vol. 71, No. 4. pp. 565-569.
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