Tyrosine kinase inhibitor-induced platelet dysfunction in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia

Alfonso Quintás-Cardama, Xin Han, Hagop Kantarjian, Jorge Cortes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dasatinib is associated with increased risk of bleeding among patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, even in the absence of thrombocytopenia, suggesting the presence of a hemostatic defect. We tested platelet aggregation in 91 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase either off-therapy (n = 4) or receiving dasatinib (n = 27), bosutinib (n = 32), imatinib (n = 19), or nilotinib (n = 9). All but 3 patients simultaneously receiving imatinib and warfarin had normal coagulation studies. All 4 patients off therapy had normal platelet aggregation. Impaired platelet aggregation on stimulation with arachidonic acid, epinephrine, or both was observed in 70%, 85%, and 59% of patients on dasatinib, respectively. Eighty-five percent of patients on bosutinib, 100% on nilotinib, and 33% on imatinib had normal platelet aggregation. Dasatinib 400 nM induced rapid and marked prolongation of closure time to collagen/epinephrine in normal whole blood on the PFA-100 system. In conclusion, dasatinib and, to some extent, imatinib produce abnormalities in platelet aggregometry testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-263
Number of pages3
JournalBlood
Volume114
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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