Ultra-intense gamma-rays created using the Texas Petawatt Laser

Alexander Henderson, Edison Liang, Nathan Riley, Pablo Yepes, Gillis Dyer, Kristina Serratto, Petr Shagin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a series of experiments at the Texas Petawatt Laser (TPW) in Austin, TX, we have used attenuation spectrometers, dosimeters, and a new Forward Compton Electron Spectrometer (FCES) to measure and characterize the angular distribution, flux, and energy spectrum of the X-rays and gamma rays produced by the TPW striking multi-millimeter thick gold targets. Our results represent the first such measurements at laser intensities ≥1021W×cm-2 and pulse durations ≤150fs. We obtain a maximum yield of X-ray and gamma ray energy with respect to laser energy of 4% and a mean yield of 2%. We further obtain a Full Width Half Maximum (FWHM) of the gamma angular distribution of 33°. We were able to characterize the gamma-ray spectrum from 3MeV to 50MeV using a Forward Compton Electron Spectrometer, with an energy resolution of 10-15% and mean bremsstrahlung effective kT of ~6MeV. We were able to characterize the spectrum from 1 to 5MeV using a Filter Stack (attenuation) Spectrometer, measuring a mean X-ray temperature for the spectrum from 3 to 5MeV of 2.1MeV, suggesting that the low-energy gammas are bremsstrahlung from secondary electrons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-56
Number of pages11
JournalHigh Energy Density Physics
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gamma rays
  • Laser-solid interactions
  • Petawatt lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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    Henderson, A., Liang, E., Riley, N., Yepes, P., Dyer, G., Serratto, K., & Shagin, P. (2014). Ultra-intense gamma-rays created using the Texas Petawatt Laser. High Energy Density Physics, 12, 46-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hedp.2014.06.004