Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis of single- and double-stranded DNA in agarose gels

Analytical expressions relating mobility and molecular length and their application in the measurement of strand breaks

John C. Sutherland, Denise C. Monteleone, Jo Ann H. Mugavero, John Trunk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis improves the separation of single-stranded DNA molecules longer than 20 kilobases (kb) in alkaline agarose gels compared to static-field electrophoresis. The greatest improvement in separation is for molecules longer than 100 kb. The improved resolution of long molecules with unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis makes possible the measurement of lower frequencies of single-strand breaks. The analytical function that relates the length and mobility of single-stranded DNA electrophoresed with a static field also applies to unidirectional pulsed field separations. Thus, the computer programs used to measure single-strand breaks are applicable to both undirectional pulsed- and static-field separations. Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis also improves the separation of double-stranded DNA in neutral agarose gels. The function relating molecular length and mobility for double-stranded DNA separated by unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis is a superset of the function for single-stranded DNA. The coefficients of this function can be determined by iterative procedures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-520
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Volume162
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Single-Stranded DNA
Electrophoresis
Sepharose
Gels
DNA
Molecules
Computer program listings
Software

Keywords

  • DNA damage
  • DNA mobility
  • agarose gel electrophoresis
  • pulsed-field electrophoresis
  • single-strand breaks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis of single- and double-stranded DNA in agarose gels: Analytical expressions relating mobility and molecular length and their application in the measurement of strand breaks",
abstract = "Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis improves the separation of single-stranded DNA molecules longer than 20 kilobases (kb) in alkaline agarose gels compared to static-field electrophoresis. The greatest improvement in separation is for molecules longer than 100 kb. The improved resolution of long molecules with unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis makes possible the measurement of lower frequencies of single-strand breaks. The analytical function that relates the length and mobility of single-stranded DNA electrophoresed with a static field also applies to unidirectional pulsed field separations. Thus, the computer programs used to measure single-strand breaks are applicable to both undirectional pulsed- and static-field separations. Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis also improves the separation of double-stranded DNA in neutral agarose gels. The function relating molecular length and mobility for double-stranded DNA separated by unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis is a superset of the function for single-stranded DNA. The coefficients of this function can be determined by iterative procedures.",
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AU - Mugavero, Jo Ann H.

AU - Trunk, John

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N2 - Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis improves the separation of single-stranded DNA molecules longer than 20 kilobases (kb) in alkaline agarose gels compared to static-field electrophoresis. The greatest improvement in separation is for molecules longer than 100 kb. The improved resolution of long molecules with unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis makes possible the measurement of lower frequencies of single-strand breaks. The analytical function that relates the length and mobility of single-stranded DNA electrophoresed with a static field also applies to unidirectional pulsed field separations. Thus, the computer programs used to measure single-strand breaks are applicable to both undirectional pulsed- and static-field separations. Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis also improves the separation of double-stranded DNA in neutral agarose gels. The function relating molecular length and mobility for double-stranded DNA separated by unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis is a superset of the function for single-stranded DNA. The coefficients of this function can be determined by iterative procedures.

AB - Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis improves the separation of single-stranded DNA molecules longer than 20 kilobases (kb) in alkaline agarose gels compared to static-field electrophoresis. The greatest improvement in separation is for molecules longer than 100 kb. The improved resolution of long molecules with unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis makes possible the measurement of lower frequencies of single-strand breaks. The analytical function that relates the length and mobility of single-stranded DNA electrophoresed with a static field also applies to unidirectional pulsed field separations. Thus, the computer programs used to measure single-strand breaks are applicable to both undirectional pulsed- and static-field separations. Unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis also improves the separation of double-stranded DNA in neutral agarose gels. The function relating molecular length and mobility for double-stranded DNA separated by unidirectional pulsed-field electrophoresis is a superset of the function for single-stranded DNA. The coefficients of this function can be determined by iterative procedures.

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