Up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase 9 by thrombospondin 1 in gastric cancer

Daniel Albo, Tetsuo Shinohara, George P. Tuszynski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) plays a key role in tumor cell invasion. It was recently reported that plasma levels of MMP-9 in patients with gastric cancer correlate with the tumors' metastatic potential. We previously demonstrated that thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1) up-regulates MMP-9 expression by endothelial cells and promotes tumor cell invasion. We hypothesized that TSP-1 plays a role in the up-regulation of MMP-9 in gastric cancer. Methods. MMP-9, TSP-1, and CSVTCG-specific TSP-1 receptor expression were measured by immunohistochemical staining in 31 consecutive gastric adenocarcinomas from patients who did not undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Additionally, we measured TSP-1, CSVTCG-specific TSP-1 receptor, and MMP-9 expression by Western blotting, zymography, and immunohistochemical staining in AGS gastric adenocarcinoma cells. We also investigated the effect of TSP-1 on MMP-9 expression by AGS cells. Results. TSP-1 localized to the tumor-associated extracellular matrix. CSVTCG-specific TSP-1 receptor and MMP-9 colocalized to tumor cells, fibroblasts, and tumor-associated microvessels. Intense staining for TSP-1, CSVTCG-specific TSP-1 receptor, and MMP-9 correlated with markers of aggressive tumor behavior. AGS gastric adenocarcinoma cells expressed high levels of CSVTCG-specific TSP-1 receptor but not TSP-1. TSP-1 up-regulated MMP-9 expression by AGS cells. Conclusion. We conclude that TSP-1 plays a role in the up-regulation of MMP-9 expression in gastric cancer. Our data also suggest a correlation between expression of TSP-1, CSVTCG-specific TSP-1 receptor, and MMP-9 and the acquisition of an aggressive tumor phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume108
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • Matrix metalloproteinase 9
  • Thromobospondin 1
  • Tumor cell invasion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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