Upregulation of intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 after unilateral nerve injury in the peripheral taste system

Melissa Ann Cavallin, Lynnette Phillips McCluskey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the peripheral taste system, activated macrophages are recruited to both sides of the tongue after unilateral sectioning of the chorda tympani nerve (CT). Neural degeneration elicits macrophage entry in other systems by upregulating vascular adhesion molecules. We hypothesized that CT sectioning leads to a bilateral increase in intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 expression on lingual vessels. To test this hypothesis, rats were euthanized at time points from 6 hr to 7 days post-sectioning. Frozen sections of tongue were processed for immunohistochemical staining for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Tongue homogenates from additional rats were analyzed with ELISA. ICAM-1 expression increases first on the denervated side of the tongue at 24 hr post-section and then on the uninjured side at 48 hr post-section. ICAM-1 remains elevated through Day 7 post-sectioning on both sides of the tongue. Dietary sodium restriction, which prevents the macrophage response to nerve sectioning, had no effect on ICAM-1 levels. VCAM-1+ vessels are increased on the denervated side of the tongue at 24-48 hr post-section in control-fed rats. However, dietary sodium restriction prevents the increase. These results indicate that vascular adhesion molecules are differentially regulated by CT sectioning. We suggest that macrophage entry, migration, and modulation of taste function are downstream of dynamic expression of adhesion molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-372
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2007

Fingerprint

Peripheral Nerve Injuries
Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
Tongue
Up-Regulation
Chorda Tympani Nerve
Macrophages
Dietary Sodium
Blood Vessels
Frozen Sections
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Staining and Labeling

Keywords

  • Chorda tympani nerve
  • Dietary sodium restriction
  • Macrophage recruitment
  • Neural degeneration
  • Neuroimmune interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

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title = "Upregulation of intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 after unilateral nerve injury in the peripheral taste system",
abstract = "In the peripheral taste system, activated macrophages are recruited to both sides of the tongue after unilateral sectioning of the chorda tympani nerve (CT). Neural degeneration elicits macrophage entry in other systems by upregulating vascular adhesion molecules. We hypothesized that CT sectioning leads to a bilateral increase in intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 expression on lingual vessels. To test this hypothesis, rats were euthanized at time points from 6 hr to 7 days post-sectioning. Frozen sections of tongue were processed for immunohistochemical staining for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Tongue homogenates from additional rats were analyzed with ELISA. ICAM-1 expression increases first on the denervated side of the tongue at 24 hr post-section and then on the uninjured side at 48 hr post-section. ICAM-1 remains elevated through Day 7 post-sectioning on both sides of the tongue. Dietary sodium restriction, which prevents the macrophage response to nerve sectioning, had no effect on ICAM-1 levels. VCAM-1+ vessels are increased on the denervated side of the tongue at 24-48 hr post-section in control-fed rats. However, dietary sodium restriction prevents the increase. These results indicate that vascular adhesion molecules are differentially regulated by CT sectioning. We suggest that macrophage entry, migration, and modulation of taste function are downstream of dynamic expression of adhesion molecules.",
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AU - McCluskey, Lynnette Phillips

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N2 - In the peripheral taste system, activated macrophages are recruited to both sides of the tongue after unilateral sectioning of the chorda tympani nerve (CT). Neural degeneration elicits macrophage entry in other systems by upregulating vascular adhesion molecules. We hypothesized that CT sectioning leads to a bilateral increase in intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 expression on lingual vessels. To test this hypothesis, rats were euthanized at time points from 6 hr to 7 days post-sectioning. Frozen sections of tongue were processed for immunohistochemical staining for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Tongue homogenates from additional rats were analyzed with ELISA. ICAM-1 expression increases first on the denervated side of the tongue at 24 hr post-section and then on the uninjured side at 48 hr post-section. ICAM-1 remains elevated through Day 7 post-sectioning on both sides of the tongue. Dietary sodium restriction, which prevents the macrophage response to nerve sectioning, had no effect on ICAM-1 levels. VCAM-1+ vessels are increased on the denervated side of the tongue at 24-48 hr post-section in control-fed rats. However, dietary sodium restriction prevents the increase. These results indicate that vascular adhesion molecules are differentially regulated by CT sectioning. We suggest that macrophage entry, migration, and modulation of taste function are downstream of dynamic expression of adhesion molecules.

AB - In the peripheral taste system, activated macrophages are recruited to both sides of the tongue after unilateral sectioning of the chorda tympani nerve (CT). Neural degeneration elicits macrophage entry in other systems by upregulating vascular adhesion molecules. We hypothesized that CT sectioning leads to a bilateral increase in intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 expression on lingual vessels. To test this hypothesis, rats were euthanized at time points from 6 hr to 7 days post-sectioning. Frozen sections of tongue were processed for immunohistochemical staining for ICAM-1 and VCAM-1. Tongue homogenates from additional rats were analyzed with ELISA. ICAM-1 expression increases first on the denervated side of the tongue at 24 hr post-section and then on the uninjured side at 48 hr post-section. ICAM-1 remains elevated through Day 7 post-sectioning on both sides of the tongue. Dietary sodium restriction, which prevents the macrophage response to nerve sectioning, had no effect on ICAM-1 levels. VCAM-1+ vessels are increased on the denervated side of the tongue at 24-48 hr post-section in control-fed rats. However, dietary sodium restriction prevents the increase. These results indicate that vascular adhesion molecules are differentially regulated by CT sectioning. We suggest that macrophage entry, migration, and modulation of taste function are downstream of dynamic expression of adhesion molecules.

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