Uridine adenosine tetraphosphate (Up4A) has been recently reported as an endothelium-derived vasoconstrictor and plasma levels of this dinucleotide are increased in juvenile hypertensive subjects. This study aimed to evaluate the vascular actions of Up4A, typify the putative purinergic receptors that might mediate these effects and characterize the intracellular signaling pathways that may govern Up4A responses. Up4A induced a modest endothelium-dependent relaxation of rat aortic rings contracted with phenylephrine. From baseline, Up4A induced concentration-dependent contractions that were significantly potentiated by endothelium removal or nitric oxide synthase inhibition. The contractile response induced by Up4A was not tachyphylactic and was significantly reduced in the presence of P1 or P2X receptor antagonists, L-type Ca2+ channel blocker and Rho-kinase inhibitor. Up4A-induced contraction apparently involves superoxide anion formation since it was significantly reduced by treatment with apocynin or tempol. This study presents the unique findings that the endogenous compound Up4A is able to induce relaxation in addition to contraction of rat aorta. Up4A-induced contraction is modulated by nitric oxide production, mediated by P1 and P2X receptor activation, and involves L-type Ca2+ channels, Rho-kinase pathway and superoxide formation.
- Purinergic receptors
- Rat aorta
- Uridine adenosine tetraphosphate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine