Use of a virtual reality car-driving Stressor in cardiovascular reactivity research

J. Rick Turner, Frank A. Treiber, Harry Davis, Joseph Rectanwald, Walter L Pipkin, William B. Strong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eighteen subjects (11 males, 7 females) completed a virtual reality car-driving Stressor on two occasions several weeks apart. Immediately before and throughout task performance, blood pressure, cardiac output, and total peripheral resistance were assessed. Reactivity scores were calculated for each parameter for each subject as the arithmetic difference between task level and baseline level. The task elicited considerable hemodynamic activation on each occasion of testing, as well as high levels of self-reported task realism, engagement, excitement, and nervousness. Correlation analyses of both absolute and reactivity scores revealed evidence of test-retest reliability. Males were found to exhibit greater absolute levels of and greater increases in systolic blood pressure. The development of tasks suitable for inclusion in a battery of behavioral Stressors, responses to which may help identify those at risk for later disease, is of considerable interest in cardiovascular behavioral medicine. The present findings suggest that the virtual reality car-driving task may be useful in this context.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-389
Number of pages4
JournalBehavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Fingerprint

Blood Pressure
Research
Behavioral Medicine
Task Performance and Analysis
Reproducibility of Results
Cardiac Output
Vascular Resistance
Anxiety
Hemodynamics
Car
Reactivity
Virtual Reality
Realism
Medicine
Inclusion
Battery
Test-retest Reliability
Activation
Testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Use of a virtual reality car-driving Stressor in cardiovascular reactivity research. / Turner, J. Rick; Treiber, Frank A.; Davis, Harry; Rectanwald, Joseph; Pipkin, Walter L; Strong, William B.

In: Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, Vol. 29, No. 3, 01.01.1997, p. 386-389.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Turner, J. Rick ; Treiber, Frank A. ; Davis, Harry ; Rectanwald, Joseph ; Pipkin, Walter L ; Strong, William B. / Use of a virtual reality car-driving Stressor in cardiovascular reactivity research. In: Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers. 1997 ; Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 386-389.
@article{e281fe075a9a4c8292bdc0ca8087827b,
title = "Use of a virtual reality car-driving Stressor in cardiovascular reactivity research",
abstract = "Eighteen subjects (11 males, 7 females) completed a virtual reality car-driving Stressor on two occasions several weeks apart. Immediately before and throughout task performance, blood pressure, cardiac output, and total peripheral resistance were assessed. Reactivity scores were calculated for each parameter for each subject as the arithmetic difference between task level and baseline level. The task elicited considerable hemodynamic activation on each occasion of testing, as well as high levels of self-reported task realism, engagement, excitement, and nervousness. Correlation analyses of both absolute and reactivity scores revealed evidence of test-retest reliability. Males were found to exhibit greater absolute levels of and greater increases in systolic blood pressure. The development of tasks suitable for inclusion in a battery of behavioral Stressors, responses to which may help identify those at risk for later disease, is of considerable interest in cardiovascular behavioral medicine. The present findings suggest that the virtual reality car-driving task may be useful in this context.",
author = "Turner, {J. Rick} and Treiber, {Frank A.} and Harry Davis and Joseph Rectanwald and Pipkin, {Walter L} and Strong, {William B.}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3758/BF03200591",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "386--389",
journal = "Behavior Research Methods",
issn = "1554-351X",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of a virtual reality car-driving Stressor in cardiovascular reactivity research

AU - Turner, J. Rick

AU - Treiber, Frank A.

AU - Davis, Harry

AU - Rectanwald, Joseph

AU - Pipkin, Walter L

AU - Strong, William B.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - Eighteen subjects (11 males, 7 females) completed a virtual reality car-driving Stressor on two occasions several weeks apart. Immediately before and throughout task performance, blood pressure, cardiac output, and total peripheral resistance were assessed. Reactivity scores were calculated for each parameter for each subject as the arithmetic difference between task level and baseline level. The task elicited considerable hemodynamic activation on each occasion of testing, as well as high levels of self-reported task realism, engagement, excitement, and nervousness. Correlation analyses of both absolute and reactivity scores revealed evidence of test-retest reliability. Males were found to exhibit greater absolute levels of and greater increases in systolic blood pressure. The development of tasks suitable for inclusion in a battery of behavioral Stressors, responses to which may help identify those at risk for later disease, is of considerable interest in cardiovascular behavioral medicine. The present findings suggest that the virtual reality car-driving task may be useful in this context.

AB - Eighteen subjects (11 males, 7 females) completed a virtual reality car-driving Stressor on two occasions several weeks apart. Immediately before and throughout task performance, blood pressure, cardiac output, and total peripheral resistance were assessed. Reactivity scores were calculated for each parameter for each subject as the arithmetic difference between task level and baseline level. The task elicited considerable hemodynamic activation on each occasion of testing, as well as high levels of self-reported task realism, engagement, excitement, and nervousness. Correlation analyses of both absolute and reactivity scores revealed evidence of test-retest reliability. Males were found to exhibit greater absolute levels of and greater increases in systolic blood pressure. The development of tasks suitable for inclusion in a battery of behavioral Stressors, responses to which may help identify those at risk for later disease, is of considerable interest in cardiovascular behavioral medicine. The present findings suggest that the virtual reality car-driving task may be useful in this context.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0000090451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0000090451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/BF03200591

DO - 10.3758/BF03200591

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 386

EP - 389

JO - Behavior Research Methods

JF - Behavior Research Methods

SN - 1554-351X

IS - 3

ER -