Use of denaturing gradient gel blots to screen for point mutations in the factor VIII gene

Shari L. Laprise, Elsa K. Mak, Katherine A. Killoran, Lawrence C. Layman, Mark R. Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) is commonly used to search for point mutations in DNA fragments amplified in vitro by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). For the complete detection of mutations in large genes with many exons, the DGGE-PCR approach, or any other PCR-based method, requires many primer sets and amplification reactions to scan the entire protein-coding sequence. We previously demonstrated that DGGE analysis using DNA blots detects mutations in Drosophila genes and sequence polymorphisms in human genes without prior PCR amplification. To determine if human point mutations could be detected using denaturing gradient gels (DGG blots), genomic DNA samples from hemophilia A families were analyzed for mutations in the factor VIII (FVIII) gene. Restriction enzyme digested DNA samples were subjected to DGGE and transferred to nylon blots. Hybridization of the DGG blots with FVIII cDNA probes revealed mutant and polymorphic DNA sequence differences. Among 26 affected families that were not carriers of intron 22 inversion mutations, 18 family-specific DNA fragment polymorphisms and one multiexon deletion were mapped. DNA sequencing of eight patient- specific polymorphic DNA fragments revealed six single base change mutations, one 4 bp deletion, and one 13 bp duplication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-402
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Mutation
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 19 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Blots
  • DGGE
  • Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis
  • FVIII
  • Factor VIII gene
  • Hemophilia A
  • Point mutations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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